Mass violence -- including school shootings -- has been happening with disturbing frequency, and with each incident comes around-the-clock news and media coverage. While our students need help coping with the emotional trauma and fear caused by news of these shootings, it can also be helpful to move beyond coping to thinking and acting -- especially about how the media covers these shootings. The following video and discussions help students think more deeply about the role media plays in school shootings, how it might change for the better, and what other factors contribute to these events.\nRecommended for:\nGrades: 9-12\n\tSubjects: ELA, social studies, newspaper/media, digital citizenship\nPrep for teachers\n\nReview which mental health and counseling resources your school offers. Share with students.\nCheck out and/or teach Facing History's lessons for exploring identity and having respectful discussions.\nOptional: Print out copies of the exit ticket.\n\nIn the classroom\nHook (five to 10 minutes):\n\nBefore screening the video, ask students to take notes while they watch. Provide them with an essential question to focus their viewing -- e.g., "What role does news media play in preventing and/or perpetuating school shootings?"\nShow the Retro Report video "Columbine at 20: Media Attention and Copycat Killers."\n\n\nPressing play on the YouTube video below will set third-party cookies controlled by Google if you are logged in to Chrome. See Google's cookie information for details.\n\nDiscussion (10 minutes):\n\nBack in 1999 when Columbine happened, the internet was still relatively new and social media wasn't a thing. How do you think the internet is making the aftermath of school shootings more complicated today?\nHow has social media affected people's pursuit of -- or interest in -- fame? Is that a factor in the "copycat" behavior of some school shooters?\nWhere should news draw the line between informing the public about these events and their causes and not giving the killers attention?\nHow could news organizations and media outlets alter their coverage?\n\nActivity (complete as a group in-class or as homework):\n\nHand out or send to students this worksheet on causes and potential fixes for mass shootings.\nGive students time to complete the activity.\nInvite students to share their work with the class, or review the responses and share the most thoughtful ones.\n\t\t \n\n\n\n\t\t \n\nPossible follow-ups\n\nTeach or adapt the Countering Hate Speech Online lesson from our Digital Citizenship curriculum.\nReview with students the Recommendations for Reporting on Mass Shootings put together by the SAVE organization.\nShare the article How the Media Can Help Prevent Mass Shootings.\nDiscuss how and why the NRA is trying to refocus the discussion about mass shootings away from gun control and toward media coverage.\n\n\nEditor's note: This resource is part of a monthly series that helps teachers facilitate classroom discussions about trending and timely issues in the news and media. For more, browse our library of News and Media Literacy articles.