Though backgrounds, cultures, and histories are a part of our classrooms every day, September 15-October 15 is officially National Hispanic American Heritage Month. Teachers can use this opportunity to shine a light on the critical contributions, rich culture, and long history of Hispanic and Latino Americans. With these resources, students can read, listen, watch, and go off-screen for activities that will give them a window into the enormous impact that Hispanic and Latino people have had on our world.\nBelow, we've broken our list down into grade bands, and by activity type, so you can check out the resources most relevant to your classes first. But be sure to check out all of the resources, since there's plenty of overlap between grade levels!\nResources for Grades Pre-K to 2\n\nThe offline activities here will get kids making and coloring crafts from Hispanic and Latino cultures. They can also watch videos that highlight traditional music and illustrate how Spanish is a language spoken in many countries. Make sure to give kids space to talk about their own related knowledge and experiences.\nVideos:\nEditor's note for all of the YouTube videos listed in this article: Pressing play on the YouTube video will set third-party cookies controlled by Google if you are logged in to Chrome. See Google's cookie information for details.\n\nUse this YouTube video from Sesame Street to talk about different countries where Spanish is spoken. Let your bilingual kids show off some words and phrases in a language other than English.\nThis Sesame Street video from PBS LearningMedia showcases some percussion instruments used in South America.\nShow this entire 20-minute YouTube video from 123 Andr\u00e9s -- or just some clips -- to highlight different types of instruments and music. Students can sing along in Spanish, dance, and listen!\nIn this YouTube video from Global Read Aloud week, the Mexican American author Yuyi Morales talks about her idea for her book Just a Minute: A Trickster Tale and Counting Book. Then she reads it aloud.\n\nHands-on activities:\n\nGet some simple materials together so students can make a Mexican cuff bracelet using these directions from SpanglishBaby.\nIf you want an activity that's more open-ended, have kids use the directions from Kid World Citizen to make some Ecuadorian clay -- migaj\u00f3n -- and create something.\nThese coloring pages from Education.com can open up a great discussion about each famous person's contributions.\nExplore ancient history by talking about -- and then making -- Ta\u00edno petroglyphs using this resource from Kid World Citizen.\nWork together as a class or in groups to make your own pi\u00f1atas with guidance from HITN.\n\nResources for Grades 3-5\n\nThird through fifth graders can watch musicians play traditional instruments, learn about prominent Latino and Hispanic people from the present day and the past, read stories about immigration experiences, and more.\nVideos:\n\nIn this YouTube video from Inka Gold, listen to and watch musicians from the group El Dorado play the music of the Andes, including melodies from the Peruvian pan flute. To weave in cross-curricular ideas, talk about why the different pipe lengths on the flute affect the sound, read about the Andes mountains, learn about the Indigenous people of Peru, or have students use figurative language to describe the music!\nThis 25-minute YouTube video from the Lincoln Center features the Villalobos brothers and their friends playing music, singing, and dancing. Along the way, they talk about some of the instruments and songs. Afterward, have students write about their favorite segments.\nThis YouTube video from the Disney Channel features various Disney stars who kids may recognize explaining and celebrating their Latino and Hispanic backgrounds. The video can be a great jumping-off point for students to share their own backgrounds in some way.\n\nTexts:\n\nFrom Education.com, read and talk about Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor, the first Latina -- and woman of color -- to ever be appointed to the highest court in the United States. Students can then explore more about the judicial branch, research other prominent Latinas, or do some math about percentages of representation in the government in contrast with the U.S. population.\nExplore these poems from Central America, provided in both English and Spanish by Teaching Central America. Read them all together, or have students choose their favorite to illustrate, read aloud, or present in some other way. Of course, students can also write their own poems!\nTeaching Central America also has a host of other downloadable texts and teaching guides to explore -- you'll need to register with an email address for access.\n\nHands-on activities:\n\nPatterns within textiles are often a hallmark of a culture, and with this activity from Education.com, kids can explore that idea. First, they color an Incan pattern, and then they can create it themselves.\nThe Nazca lines in Peru are sure to fascinate students, so have them learn about what we know, then create their own designs using simple materials and instructions from Spanish Mama! Then they can research more about the ancient people who made them, and make a case for what they think their purpose was.\n\nResources for Grades 6-8\n\nExplore ancient civilizations and fine art, or learn about leaders like Cesar Chavez. Tackle the appropriation of the taco, or read literature from Latino authors. And you can explore lessons like this one about Maria Moreno at PBS LearningMedia, or these at Zinn Education Project, too.\nVideos:\n\nPaired with reflection questions you can use for discussion or written response, this video from Re-Imagining Migration features Latino people talking about their perceptions of race. After viewing, students can produce their own videos.\nThese videos from NBC offer profiles of women -- specifically Latinas -- working in STEM fields. The first is an engineer at Boeing, and the second is an electrical engineer who also mentors young girls. Talk about the importance of diversity in these highly technical fields.\nWatch this video about Cesar Chavez from TeachWithMovies.org to find out why he's a critical figure in the labor movement. Pair with some history or a short story about similar issues, or do some math around how much migrant farmworkers are typically paid.\nThis short YouTube video from In This Together profiles one man's experience as a farmworker, and could be a great companion to the video above.\n\nTexts:\n\nPair this text about Dolores Huerta with the video about Cesar Chavez above to highlight another important icon. Other teacher resources are available with a Facing History & Ourselves account.\nFrom CommonLit, this set of texts features Hispanic, Latino, and Chicano authors. Consider assigning specific pieces for a jigsaw activity, or letting kids choose a text that appeals to them.\nStarting with tacos and addressing appropriation, this lengthy article from the New York Times is a great way to get kids thinking about how pieces of Hispanic and Latino cultures -- among others -- are often appropriated for profit. Can they think of other examples of this type of appropriation?\nTogether, read this New York Times article about Gwen Ifill, an Afro-Latina icon of journalism, and how her success inspired the author's students. Expand the discussion to consider the concept of representation, why it matters, and who inspires your students.\n\nInteractives:\n\nFrom Google Arts & Culture, this interactive presentation about Tikal, Guatemala, an ancient Mayan kingdom, can give students an appreciation for the vast cities and cultures that existed before our present day. Ask students which discoveries they're most surprised about.\nThis feature, also from Google Arts & Culture, provides a treasure trove of information about Mexico. It highlights various places and lets students interact with art. Find out if students are familiar with some of the featured places, and share if you are!\nWith this Google Doc from the Kennedy Center, students can research leaders of the Mexican Revolution.\n\nResources for Grades 9-12\n\nFrom the ancient Aztec empire to the fabulous Frida Kahlo, high school students can jump into the art, literature, and representation of Hispanic and Latino people.\nVideos:\n\nWatch this short introduction to Frida Kahlo from TED-Ed (via YouTube) and then, to explore further, jump over to Google Arts & Culture to learn more and see her art. Have students determine what pieces of her life they see reflected in her art.\nThough it's hosted on YouTube, this audio-only podcast from the Fall of Civilizations is about the Aztec empire. In its entirety, it would span several class periods, so it's probably best in shorter segments. Listening is a great opportunity for students to practice their note-taking skills.\n\nTexts:\n\nRead this poem by Juan Felipe Herrera and discuss the imagery he uses. Then you can let students explore more poems curated by Poets.org for Hispanic Heritage Month. Have students choose one or more to present or use as inspiration to write their own.\nUse this article from the LA Times to spark a conversation about Latino representation in the media. Are there any surprising statistics? Students can discuss the importance of representation and potentially identify an example of when they "saw" themselves in the media.\n\nInteractives:\n\nClick through this Google Arts & Culture collection of Latino musicians with embedded audio of interviews and music. Have students share some of their favorite Latino and Hispanic artists and bands.\nPair this feature on the Library of Congress website with actual texts, and students can hear Hispanic and Latino authors reading their work to make it come alive.\n\nImage courtesy of Allison Shelley/The Verbatim Agency for American Education: Images of Teachers and Students in Action.