- multiple forms of expression
- developing novel solutions
- making new creations
- part-whole relationships
- problem solving
- solving puzzles
- thinking critically
ProsDelivers open, creative, and purposeful play supported by frequent updates.
ConsOpen world can lead to power struggles and community problems without a shared code of conduct.
Bottom LineAn irresistible and seemingly limitless incubator for 21st-century skills that, with a little guidance, can chart new courses for learning.
Common Sense Reviewer
Students have free reign over one-of-a-kind worlds bolstered by deep customization options and frequent updates that add new challenges and content.
Design thinking, problem solving, and resilience will stay with students, but specific content-knowledge transfer is dependent on how classes use the game.
Lacking a built-in tutorial or manual, Minecraft can be intimidating, but this also promotes peer learning both among students and the larger online community.
Minecraft is super flexible, so just about any classroom can find a way to make it work for the content. It's engrossing and students are likely to work long hours on projects both at home and school, so be wary of time management as well as issues -- like griefing -- that may arise from at-home and potentially unsupervised use. While playing in class, teachers can help students negotiate norms, roles, and responsibilities, and foster trust and a sense of consequence for individuals’ actions in community.
Students can use Minecraft as a portfolio, creating structures and systems that model topics or concepts covered in class. In a math classroom, students can tackle problems using a set number of blocks (the basic unit of Minecraft) or calculate area and volume. For writing practice, students can keep explorers’ journals or compare and contrast the biomes and geologies of their Minecraft worlds with those of their home states.Read More Read Less
Minecraft is a sandbox game that can be adapted to fit nearly any objective or subject, with lessons lasting as short as one period, or the entire year. Players for collect and combine resources into new, useful items that enrich gameplay and help further exploration and creativity. Although it has an “End” zone for players who want to fight the game’s boss (a dragon), Minecraft has no plot -- the story is up to the player to define. Depending on what the player chooses to build, they’ll task themselves with collecting specific resources necessary to craft items that can help them build cooler and/or more useful things, or explore. Each completed project inevitably leads to a new one with new resource and item needs, sending the player deeper into the world. Selecting Creative Mode, as opposed to the default Survival Mode, removes the need to collect resources as well as the monsters and health and hunger meters, allowing players to build easily and in peace. Creative Mode is probably best for younger students who might get too distracted by monsters or lessons requiring complex builds in a short amount of time.
To get started, players create accounts on Minecraft.net, purchase a license, and then download and install the game. Players can create a brand-new unique world on their own or join other people’s worlds (via local area network or hosted servers), fulfilling both solitary and social players. The controls are typical of first-person games using a combination of the mouse and WASD keys.Read More Read Less
Since each new world begs to be explored and reshaped, Minecraft cultivates 21st-century skills: goal-setting, collaboration, creativity, design and systems thinking, and engineering. Teachers should be aware, however, that the game’s emphasis on open creation, collaboration, and communication also means that students playing together can get into conflicts or get distracted and off task. If framed less as a problem and more as an opportunity, these issues can be made into powerful learning experiences that guide students toward successful and respectful collaboration.Read More Read Less
See how teachers are using Minecraft
- Open-ended world building environment has many classroom uses.4Heddi C.
Discovery Learning Center
Santa Cruz, CA5April 1, 2013
- Encourages Critical Thinking and Student CooperationEllen M.
Wappingers Falls Junior High School
Wappingers Falls, NY4September 24, 2014