Common Sense Review
Updated May 2013

National Library of Virtual Manipulatives

Novel concept could deliver even more learning with better interactivity
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Common Sense Rating 3
  • The home page has well-organized links to manipulatives for each grade level and content area.
  • Each content area and grade level has anywhere between a handful to more than 40 virtual manipulatives.
  • The virtual manipulative interface can feel a bit dated.
  • Each manipulative comes with brief directions, which students may or may not find helpful depending on their background knowledge.
  • The "Teacher Information" may be helpful when planning how to integrate these manipulatives into your lessons.
Pros
Simple to use and free of charge, with virtual manipulatives for almost any topic and grade level.
Cons
Not so easy on the eyes, and won't play nice with iPads, iPhones, or iPod touches.
Bottom Line
Students who struggle with difficult math concepts may like the trial-and-error format, but the vintage design and unclear feedback may scare some away.
Paul Cancellieri
Common Sense Reviewer
Classroom teacher
Common Sense Rating 3
Engagement Is the product stimulating, entertaining, and engrossing? Will kids want to return? 3

Kids will like the visual nature of these interactive tools, but the appeal may be limited by their stripped-down, "old school" look.

Pedagogy Is learning content seamlessly baked-in, and do kids build conceptual understanding? Is the product adaptable and empowering? Will skills transfer? 4

Kids enter numbers and adjust variables to see the outcome on graphs and visual displays. By experimenting, kids can learn through experience. When paired with reflection, this can become a powerful learning opportunity.

Support Does the product take into account learners of varying abilities, skill levels, and learning styles? Does it address both struggling and advanced students? 3

The site doesn't give many descriptions or explanations, but the interactives are designed to be used primarily by teachers or with the guidance of a teacher.

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How Can Teachers Use It?

Asking students to explore new concepts with these virtual manipulatives can be great when combined with a lecture or reading activity. Afterwards, it can be powerful to bring the class together, look at the virtual manipulative again, and have them reflect on what they've learned. Also, these manipulatives could be assigned as homework, or as a supplement to traditional practice problems. Parents may find it helpful to be able to "play" with these tools alongside their child. While the site doesn’t give many specifics to teachers, there are lots of potential uses here. Teaching algebraic thinking to elementary school students? Just display one of the interactive games or demonstrations on the board, or let students explore it on a laptop with just some simple instructions. Even in small groups, these tools are engaging and effective.

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What's It Like?

Dating back to 1999, the National Library of Virtual Manipulatives (NVLM) is a collection of Java-based interactive tools that teach math concepts. While some of the concepts can be quite complex, most of the tools have a very simple (and dated) appearance. However, they'll run on any Java-capable browser (not on Apple's mobile devices). On the site's home page, users find a Virtual Library containing tools under the following categories: Numbers and Operations, Algebra, Geometry, Measurement, Data Analysis and Probability. Each category is divided into resources for different grade levels, from Pre-K through 12th grade.

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Is It Good For Learning?

The idea alone of a library of manipulatives like this is a novel concept; after almost 15 years in the making, the site still has a lot of potential. However, an update –- not only to design but usability –- would be a great way to make this site accessible to more kids. That said, given the tools' exploratory nature, the site can be great for allowing students to discover math concepts on their own. By experimenting, students are often more successful in building deeper understanding, and even though the site gives little in the way of direction, it can be great when used in this way.

If using these tools to support specific parts of your curriculum, you'd be wise to help students along; either direct them toward areas of focus, or give them some context by showing them examples beforehand. Because not all the manipulatives give kid-friendly feedback, the site would do well to build in some better interactivity. Also, for your visual learners, the NVLM can be great for helping kids see and understand abstract concepts like variables and statistical probability.

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