Next Generation Science Standards Explorer

Are you a STEM, STEAM, and/or science teacher looking for great edtech for the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)? Browse hundreds of apps, games, and websites evaluated by our expert reviewers and tagged for relevant Performance Expectations (PEs).

To find the right tool for your NGSS-aligned activities, lessons, and curriculum: select a grade, choose a topic, and then find the PE that interests you. Click the green arrow on the right-hand side of the PE to see a list of suggested tools. Just below each PE you’ll see three NGSS dimensions – Science and Engineering Practices (SEP), Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCI), and Crosscutting Concepts (CC) – for quick and easy reference.

Earth and Human Activity

MS-ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
Number Performance Expectation Products New Window
MS-ESS3-1
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
9
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Construct a scientific explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from sources (including the students’ own experiments) and the assumption that theories and laws that describe the natural world operate today as they did in the past and will continue to do so in the future.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.A
Humans depend on Earth’s land, ocean, atmosphere, and biosphere for many different resources. Minerals, fresh water, and biosphere resources are limited, and many are not renewable or replaceable over human lifetimes. These resources are distributed uneve
Show Crosscutting Concept
Cause and Effect
Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.
MS-ESS3-2
Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.
12
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences in findings.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.B
Mapping the history of natural hazards in a region, combined with an understanding of related geologic forces can help forecast the locations and likelihoods of future events.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Patterns
Graphs, charts, and images can be used to identify patterns in data.
MS-ESS3-3
Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
18
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Apply scientific principles to design an object, tool, process or system.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.C
Human activities have significantly altered the biosphere, sometimes damaging or destroying natural habitats and causing the extinction of other species. But changes to Earth’s environments can have different impacts (negative and positive) for different
Show Crosscutting Concept
Cause and Effect
Relationships can be classified as causal or correlational, and correlation does not necessarily imply causation.
MS-ESS3-4
Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
23
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Engaging in Argument from Evidence
Construct an oral and written argument supported by empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support or refute an explanation or a model for a phenomenon or a solution to a problem.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.C
Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Cause and Effect
Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.
MS-ESS3-5
Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
30
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Asking Questions and Defining Problems
Ask questions to identify and clarify evidence of an argument.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.D
Human activities, such as the release of greenhouse gases from burning fossil fuels, are major factors in the current rise in Earth’s mean surface temperature (global warming). Reducing the level of climate change and reducing human vulnerability to whate
Show Crosscutting Concept
Stability and Change
Stability might be disturbed either by sudden events or gradual changes that accumulate over time.

Earth’s Place in the Universe

MS-ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe
Number Performance Expectation Products New Window
MS-ESS1-1
Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.
21
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Developing and Using Models
Develop and use a model to describe phenomena.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS1.A
Patterns of the apparent motion of the sun, the moon, and stars in the sky can be observed, described, predicted, and explained with models.
ESS1.B
This model of the solar system can explain eclipses of the sun and the moon. Earth’s spin axis is fixed in direction over the short-term but tilted relative to its orbit around the sun. The seasons are a result of that tilt and are caused by the different
Show Crosscutting Concept
Patterns
Patterns can be used to identify cause-and- effect relationships.
MS-ESS1-2
Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
18
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Developing and Using Models
Develop and use a model to describe phenomena.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS1.A
Earth and its solar system are part of the Milky Way galaxy, which is one of many galaxies in the universe.
ESS1.B
The solar system appears to have formed from a disk of dust and gas, drawn together by gravity.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Systems and System Models
Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions.
MS-ESS1-3
Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.
29
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Developing and Using Models
Develop and use a model to describe phenomena.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS1.B
The solar system consists of the sun and a collection of objects, including planets, their moons, and asteroids that are held in orbit around the sun by its gravitational pull on them.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Systems and System Models
Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions.
MS-ESS1-4
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth’s 4.6-billion-year-old history.
9
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Construct a scientific explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from sources (including the students’ own experiments) and the assumption that theories and laws that describe the natural world operate today as they did in the past and will continue to do so in the future.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS1.C
The geologic time scale interpreted from rock strata provides a way to organize Earth’s history. Analyses of rock strata and the fossil record provide only relative dates, not an absolute scale.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
Time, space, and energy phenomena can be observed at various scales using models to study systems that are too large or too small.

Earth’s Systems

MS-ESS2: Earth’s Systems
Number Performance Expectation Products New Window
MS-ESS2-1
Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
12
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Developing and Using Models
Develop and use a model to describe phenomena.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS2.A
All Earth processes are the result of energy flowing and matter cycling within and among the planet’s systems. This energy is derived from the sun and Earth’s hot interior. The energy that flows and matter that cycles produce chemical and physical changes
Show Crosscutting Concept
Stability and Change
Explanations of stability and change in natural or designed systems can be constructed by examining the changes over time and processes at different scales, including the atomic scale.
MS-ESS2-2
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.
22
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Construct a scientific explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from sources (including the students’ own experiments) and the assumption that theories and laws that describe nature operate today as they did in the past and will continue to do so in the future.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS2.A
The planet’s systems interact over scales that range from microscopic to global in size, and they operate over fractions of a second to billions of years. These interactions have shaped Earth’s history and will determine its future.
ESS2.C
Water’s movements—both on the land and underground—cause weathering and erosion, which change the land’s surface features and create underground formations.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Scale Proportion and Quantity
Time, space, and energy phenomena can be observed at various scales using models to study systems that are too large or too small.
MS-ESS2-3
Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.
20
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for phenomena.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS1.C
Tectonic processes continually generate new ocean sea floor at ridges and destroy old sea floor at trenches.
ESS2.B
Maps of ancient land and water patterns, based on investigations of rocks and fossils, make clear how Earth’s plates have moved great distances, collided, and spread apart.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Patterns
Patterns in rates of change and other numerical relationships can provide information about natural systems.
MS-ESS2-4
Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
12
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Developing and Using Models
Develop a model to describe unobservable mechanisms.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS2.C
Water continually cycles among land, ocean, and atmosphere via transpiration, evaporation, condensation and crystallization, and precipitation, as well as downhill flows on land.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Energy and Matter
Within a natural or designed system, the transfer of energy drives the motion and/or cycling of matter.
MS-ESS2-5
Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.
14
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
Collect data to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence to answer scientific questions or test design solutions under a range of conditions.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS2.C
The complex patterns of the changes and the movement of water in the atmosphere, determined by winds, landforms, and ocean temperatures and currents, are major determinants of local weather patterns.
ESS2.D
Because these patterns are so complex, weather can only be predicted probabilistically.
Show Crosscutting Concept
Cause and Effect
Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.
MS-ESS2-6
Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
9
Show Science and Engineering Practice
Developing and Using Models
Develop and use a model to describe phenomena.
Show Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS2.C
Variations in density due to variations in temperature and salinity drive a global pattern of interconnected ocean currents.
ESS2.D
Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atm
Show Crosscutting Concept
Systems and System Models
Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions—such as inputs, processes and outputs— and energy, matter, and information flows within systems.