Lesson Plan

What does the /a/ say?

The short and long /a/ sound
Alison G.
Classroom teacher
Cox Landing Elementary School
Lesage, United States
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My Grades K
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies, Arts

Students will be able to distinguish between the short and long /a/ sound.  Students will be able to produce and sort words with the short /a/ and long /a/ sound.  Students will be able to read CVC words containing the short and long /a/ sound. 

ELA.K.R.C6.1 demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables and sounds (phonemes). 
• recognize and produce rhyming words. 
• count, pronounce, blend and segment syllables in spoken words. 
• blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words. 
• isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant 
or cvc) words. (this does not include cvcs ending with /l/, /r/ or /x/.) 
• add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words. 

ELA.K.R.C7.1 know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. 
• demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most 
frequent sounds for each consonant. 
• associate the long and short sounds with common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels. 
• read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does). 
• distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.


English Language Arts
letter or word recognition
Grades K
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

2 Direct Instruction

3 Guided Practice

4 Independent Practice

5 Wrap-Up