Lesson Plan

Voting Process in Missouri

Voting Process in Missouri

Students will be able to...

categorize the requirements for voting in the state of Missouri; 

differentiate Sections 2, 4, 5, 6, and 7 of Article VIII of the State of Missouri Constitution;

assess the constitutional amendments and propositions on the St. Louis City ballot for the November 8th General Election.

Social Studies
Grades 9 – 10
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Activity: Other — Writing

The instructor will pass out student's journals, and  will write the following prompt on a smart board or chalkboard: 

"What are the three Amendments to the US Constitution that pertain to (deal with) voting?” 

After 2 minutes, the instructor  will write the correct answers on the board so that students can visually see the answers, and correct their journal entries if need be.

Student Instructions

In their journals, students will answer the following prompt:  “What are the three Amendments to the US Constitution that pertain to (deal with) voting?” 

After 2 minutes, the class will discuss the correct answers to the prompt, including the specific Amendment, the date the Amendment was ratified, and a summary of the Amendment. 

2 Assess Prior Knowledge

Activity: Conversing

The instructor will pass out the Definitions/Lecture Guide to the class, the instructor will explain the use of the Guide as it relates to writing definitions.

While in discussion, the instructor will direct students to write the definitions on the Guide.

Student Instructions

Once the sheets are passed out, students will be called on to read aloud the objectives of the lesson. 

The class will discuss the definitions of the following terms as related to voting: amendment, article, ballot, proposition, and suffrage. 

3 Direct Instruction

Mini-Lecture 1 - the Missouri Constitution and Voting:

Instructor will project this website to the class: https://ballotpedia.org/Article_VIII,_Missouri_Constitution and will explain that Article VIII (review what this Roman Numeral represents) of the Missouri Constitution — entitled Suffrage and Elections — has 22 sections that relate to either voting or elections, but we will discuss Sections 2, 4, 5, 6, and 7. The instructor will create context by noting the sections either restrict or extend voting privileges.

The instructor will read aloud the content of each section, and then summarize what each section’s content.

[Transition: “So we have discussed restrictions and extensions to voting Missouri, let’s return to Section 5 of Article VIII and talk about how to register and where to register to vote.”]

Mini-Lecture 2 - Voter Registration in Missouri (3-5 minutes):

The instructor will note that there are two ways in which to register to vote in Missouri: with a voter registration card, or online through St. Louis Board of Election Commissioners website.

Voter registration cards will be passed around the class.

Instructor will project this website to the class: https://www.stlouis-mo.gov/government/departments/board-election-commiss... and note where to submit paper forms, under “Registration Locations,” and registration instructions under the “Steps of Registration.” 


Student Instructions

Students will write the Registration Locations and Steps of Registration on their Guides.

As each section is summarized, students will write the summaries on the Guide. 

4 Activity

Voter Guide with Ballot Measure 

Students will be broken into 4 groups (in the case of our class, 3 groups of 4 and 1 group of 5?) Groups will be decided based on the student’s birthdays — January - March, April - June, July - September, and October - December (if the number is not even we will go by dates of birthdays).

The activity instruction/rubric sheets will be passed to each group. 

The instructor will project this website to the class: https://ballotpedia.org/Amending_state_constitutions#Missouri and briefly explain how a constitutional amendment to placed on a ballot.

The instructor will project this website to the class: https://www.sos.mo.gov/cmsimages/Elections/Petitions/Make%20Your%20Voice... and briefly explain how a proposition is placed on a ballot.

The instructor will note that the term ballot measures can be used as shorthand for proposed amendments and propositions.

The instructor will explain the activity, then ask if there are any questions.

Student Instructions

Activity Guidelines 

Your group will create their own voter guide for the state of Missouri that will include voting requirements and a summary for either two constitutional amendments, or of one constitutional amendment and one proposition. 

It must include the following:

  • 3 voting requirements, 
  • 3 voting restrictions.

Each group will must also include the following in their voter guide:



Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

Group 4

“How to Vote” Information

Time Polls Open/Where to Find Polling Place

Acceptable Voter ID’s

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Assessable Voting

Amendment/Proposition 1

Constitutional Amendment 1

Constitutional Amendment 3

Constitutional Amendment 5

Constitutional Amendment 6

Amendment/Proposition 2 

Constitutional Amendment 2

Constitutional Amendment 4

Proposition A

Proposition S

For the amendments and propositions, include “Fair Ballot Language,” (neither pros or cons - a summary in no more than 2-3 sentences) and whether, if the amendment or proposition is passed, there will be an increase or decrease in taxes.

You can find all the information needed on these websites:



Design: The group will design the guide with their laptop or tablets using any program. Make the guide as user friendly as possible.

Roles: 2 researchers - summarizes the amendments or propositions 

1 artist - designs the guide

1 editor - finalizes the design by adding summary of ballot measures 

Once finished, share the completed guide on our class Google Group; at the end of the guide, include the name and role of each member of the group.

5 Wrap-Up

The instructor will write the following prompt on the smart board or chalkboard: “What is one of the ballot measures that your group summarized? How would you vote on the measure, and why?” Students will be directed to answer the prompt in their journals while watching the "We The Voters" video.

Student Instructions

Students will answer the following prompt in their journals: “What is one of the ballot measures that your group summarized? How would you vote on the measure, and why?”