Understanding Technology Vocab
Show video of "Big Bang Theory". Speak with students about how important being able to communicate with people is... No matter how smart you are, if you can't communicate you won't be successful.
Pretest on tech vocab
1. bandwidth The amount of information that one can send through a connection, measures in bits-per-second (Bps). A standard page of English text contains about 16,000 bits
2. shortcuts Key strokes that enact the same commands available in the menus of a program. They are quicker and more direct, and usually involve two or three keys depressed simultaneously. An example is the save shortcut: CTRL + s on a PC or +s on a Mac.
3. word processor The software used to produce documents, such as letters, posters, reports, and syllabi. Common ones used in schools are MS Works, MS Word, or ClarisWorks.
4. technology The application of scientific discoveries to the development and improvement of goods and services that ideally improve the life of humans and their environment. Such goods and services include materials, machinery, and processes that improve production or solve problems
5. RAM Random Access Memory. Readable and writeable memory that acts as a storage area while the computer is on, and is erased every time the computer is turned off. This memory stores data and helps execute programs while in use.
6. kilobyte (KB) A thousand bytes. Due to the binary nature of computers, it's 210 bytes, technically 1024 bytes.
7. JPG or JPEG An efficient method for storing graphic files for transmission across phone lines. Unlike GIF files, these files lose a little data when the image is converted, and their files are often much larger than GIFs. However they are your best choice for photographic images
8. hypertext Generally any text in a file that contains words, phrases, or graphics that, when clicked, cause another document to be retrieved and displayed. It most often appears blue and underlined in Web pages.
9. hard drive A device for storing information in a fixed location within your computer. The equivalent of a filing cabinet in an office, this is used for storing programs and documents that are not being used.
10. DNS Domain Name System. This is a service that stores, translates, and retrieves the numerical address equivalents of familiar host names that you use everyday (such as the "www.4teachers.org" in http://www.4teachers.org). Each host name corresponds to a numerical address required by standard Internet protocol that the is retrieved in order to allow you to remember addresses with names, not numbers.
11. desktop The background behind all your windows, menus, and dialog boxes: your virtual desk. You can change the look by applying different properties to it through your control panel.
12. CPU - Central Processing Unit. This is the hardware that most people consider the "brain" of the computer. It takes instructions from software, makes calculations, and helps run the show!
13. path defines the location of a file or folder in a computer's file system.
14. Plug and Play - PnP, is a catchy phrase used to describe devices that work with a computer system as soon as they are connected..
15. Wireless Fidelity - Wi-Fi refers to wireless networking technology that allows computers and other devices to communicate over a wireless signal.
16. router This is a hardware device that moves data from a local area network (LAN) to another network connection. It acts like a coin sorting machine, allowing only authorized machines to connect to other computer systems. Most of these also keep log files about the local network activity.
17. A runtime error is a program error that occurs while the program is running. The term is often used in contrast to other types of program errors, such as syntax errors and compile time errors
18. Cloud computing refers to applications and services offered over the Internet. These services are offered from data centers all over the world, which collectively are referred to as this.
19. Data is information processed or stored by a computer. This information may be in the form of text documents, images, audio clips, software programs, or other types of information. This may be processed by the computer's CPU and is stored in files and folders on the computer's hard disk.
20. DSL - Digital Subscriber Line - It is medium for transferring data over regular phone lines and can be used to connect to the Internet. However, like a cable modem, this circuit is much faster than a regular phone connection, even though the wires it uses are copper like a typical phone line.
21. Interface - the means in which a person controls software or hardware. it allows the user to interact with the software or hardware in a natural and intuitive way. An example would be a keyboard or mouse, as well as a menu bar.
22. Firewall - A system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network.
23. USB - "Universal Serial Bus." The most common type of computer port used in today's computers. It can be used to connect keyboards, mice, game controllers, printers, scanners, digital cameras, and removable media drives, just to name a few.
24. Operating System - program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all the other programs in a computer.
25. Application programs. These make use of the operating system by making requests for services through a defined application program interface (API).
Key Standards Supported
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 9–10 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., analyze, analysis, analytical; advocate, advocacy).
Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, or its etymology.
Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
Interpret figures of speech (e.g., euphemism, oxymoron) in context and analyze their role in the text.
Analyze nuances in the meaning of words with similar denotations.
Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9–10 texts and topics.
Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy).
Analyze the author’s purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text, defining the question the author seeks to address.
Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.
Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author’s claim or a recommendation for solving a scientific or technical problem.
Compare and contrast findings presented in a text to those from other sources (including their own experiments), noting when the findings support or contradict previous explanations or accounts.
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text’s explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.
Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text.
By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 9–10 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.