Lesson Plan

Understanding Technology Vocab

Understanding Technology Vocab
Rachel H.
Classroom teacher
Rochester Community High School
Rochester, United States
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My Grades 10
My Subjects English Language Arts, Arts

Students will be able to... converse at a high level about how a computer works.

English Language Arts
reading comprehension
Grades 10
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Introduction

Activity: Broadcasting

Show video of "Big Bang Theory".  Speak with students about how important being able to communicate with people is... No matter how smart you are, if you can't communicate you won't be successful.

2 Pre-Test

Activity: Assessing

Pretest on tech vocab

Student Instructions

1.              bandwidth      The amount of information that one can send through a connection, measures in bits-per-second (Bps). A standard page of English text contains about 16,000 bits


2.              shortcuts      Key strokes that enact the same commands available in the menus of a program. They are quicker and more direct, and usually involve two or three keys depressed simultaneously. An example is the save shortcut: CTRL + s on a PC or +s on a Mac.


3.              word processor       The software used to produce documents, such as letters, posters, reports, and syllabi. Common ones used in schools are MS Works, MS Word, or ClarisWorks.


4.              technology      The application of scientific discoveries to the development and improvement of goods and services that ideally improve the life of humans and their environment. Such goods and services include materials, machinery, and processes that improve production or solve problems


5.              RAM      Random Access Memory. Readable and writeable memory that acts as a storage area while the computer is on, and is erased every time the computer is turned off. This memory stores data and helps execute programs while in use.


6.              kilobyte (KB)      A thousand bytes. Due to the binary nature of computers, it's 210 bytes, technically 1024 bytes.


7.              JPG or JPEG      An efficient method for storing graphic files for transmission across phone lines. Unlike GIF files, these files lose a little data when the image is converted, and their files are often much larger than GIFs. However they are your best choice for photographic images


8.              hypertext      Generally any text in a file that contains words, phrases, or graphics that, when clicked, cause another document to be retrieved and displayed. It most often appears blue and underlined in Web pages.


9.              hard drive      A device for storing information in a fixed location within your computer. The equivalent of a filing cabinet in an office, this is used for storing programs and documents that are not being used.


10.           DNS      Domain Name System. This is a service that stores, translates, and retrieves the numerical address equivalents of familiar host names that you use everyday (such as the "www.4teachers.org" in http://www.4teachers.org). Each host name corresponds to a numerical address required by standard Internet protocol that the is retrieved in order to allow you to remember addresses with names, not numbers.

11.           desktop      The background behind all your windows, menus, and dialog boxes: your virtual desk. You can change the look by applying different properties to it through your control panel.


12.           CPU - Central Processing Unit. This is the hardware that most people consider the "brain" of the computer. It takes instructions from software, makes calculations, and helps run the show!


13.           path defines the location of a file or folder in a computer's file system.


14.           Plug and Play - PnP, is a catchy phrase used to describe devices that work with a computer system as soon as they are connected..


15.           Wireless Fidelity - Wi-Fi refers to wireless networking technology that allows computers and other devices to communicate over a wireless signal.


16.           router This is a hardware device that moves data from a local area network (LAN) to another network connection. It acts like a coin sorting machine, allowing only authorized machines to connect to other computer systems. Most of these also keep log files about the local network activity.


17.           A runtime error is a program error that occurs while the program is running. The term is often used in contrast to other types of program errors, such as syntax errors and compile time errors


18.           Cloud computing refers to applications and services offered over the Internet. These services are offered from data centers all over the world, which collectively are referred to as this.


19.           Data is information processed or stored by a computer. This information may be in the form of text documents, images, audio clips, software programs, or other types of information. This may be processed by the computer's CPU and is stored in files and folders on the computer's hard disk.


20.           DSL - Digital Subscriber Line - It is medium for transferring data over regular phone lines and can be used to connect to the Internet. However, like a cable modem, this circuit is much faster than a regular phone connection, even though the wires it uses are copper like a typical phone line.


21.           Interface - the means in which a person controls software or hardware.  it allows the user to interact with the software or hardware in a natural and intuitive way.  An example would be a keyboard or mouse, as well as a menu bar.  


22.           Firewall - A system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network.


23.           USB -  "Universal Serial Bus." The most common type of computer port used in today's computers. It can be used to connect keyboards, mice, game controllers, printers, scanners, digital cameras, and removable media drives, just to name a few.


24.           Operating System - program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all the other programs in a computer.


25.           Application programs. These make use of the operating system by making requests for services through a defined application program interface (API).