Lesson Plan

Three Types of Irony

- using Nearpod to transform direct instruction
Andrea N.
Technology Integration Specialist
Springfield Local Schools
Akron, OH
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My Grades Pre-K, K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
My Subjects English Language Arts, English Language Learning, World Languages, Math, Science, Social Studies, Arts, Health & Wellness
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Students will be able to list and define the three types of irony.

Students will be able to read examples of irony and correctly identify the type of irony used in the example. 

English Language Arts
text analysis
Grades 9 - 10
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook, Pre-test

Instead of providing students with lecture notes on the types of irony, students will receive information on the types of irony by combining Nearpod for direct instruction with the basics of PowerTeaching.

Students are introduced to today's lesson by briefly discussing the "drama" of high school.  Do students specifically try to create "drama?"  Author's sometimes do this too to make a story more interesting.  One method is through the use of irony.  

The students will then by informed that today, we are going to learn about Irony. 

Students will then log into Nearpod  and take a quick pretest to gain information on their prerequisite knowledge of irony.  This pretest will also serve to measure growth and success of the lesson when compared to the post test. 

Through Nearpod, the general percentages of the pretest data can be shared with the class. 

2 Direct Instruction/Wrap up

As we enter the slide show through Nearpod, we briefly discuss the general definition of irony, and then what irony is not (bad luck).  

The next Nearpod slide contains an excerpt from College Humor's "Actually Ironic." (I opted to show an excerpt from sections of the video that I felt would not leave any question of appropriateness.  Please review this video before showing to your own class to determine its appropriateness for your own students.) 

I opted to edit the video and add captions using iMovie, then inserted it into Nearpod.

Next, the three types of irony are discussed one by one and taught by incorporating a version of power teaching through using motions to help students remember the content.  

We first list the three types of irony...(hold up three fingers).  I verbally ask students how many types of irony there are, and make them hold up three fingers as well. 

The first type of irony (1 finger) is verbal. Each type of irony gets a hand motion.  Verbal irony was putting your hand to your mouth and then pulling it down, indicating the speaker says one thing, but means another.

Examples are then discussed.

The second type of irony (2 fingers) is situational (hands at side, palms up, showcasing surrounds and looking around - what just happened).  

After situation irony, I inserted a drawing slide in Nearpod and asked students to draw an example of situational irony. Student examples were then shared. 

The third type of irony (3 fingers) is dramatic ( back of hand to forehead, throwing back head in dramatic fashion).  This is when the audience knows something that the character or characters do not.

Finally, student take a Post Test where they list the three types of irony, define them, and then read examples and list the type that is demonstrated.