Lesson Plan

The Presidential Vote

How is the President elected?

Students will be able to recognize the difference between the Popular Vote and the Electoral Vote. They will be able to explain how the Electoral College operates.

Social Studies
Grades 6 – 8
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Activity: Presenting

Teacher will introduce the Electoral College and how the College votes on the President. Teacher will briefly describe why some states are blue and others are red.

2 Direct Instruction

Teacher will show the video Does your vote count? The Electoral College explained  by Christina Greer. The teacher will then discuss with the class how and why the Electoral Vote decides the President.

3 Guided Practice

Activity: Conversing

The teacher will play a fun game with the students. First the students will vote individually for a President (you can use examples or actual candidates). The teacher will announce the winner as the Popular Vote. The teacher will split the class into groups and the groups will be considered states (2 groups of 4, 2 groups of 6 and 1 group of 5 = 20 students). The groups will be instructed they have to agree on the candidate and the number of students in that group will cast all their votes for the same candidate. The teacher will then announce to the class who won the Electoral Vote.

4 Indpendent Practice

The teacher will instruct the students to play an online game individually. They will individually run for President in this game and learn more about how the Electoral College works and what running for Presidency is like. 

5 Wrap Up

Activity: Debating

The teacher will discuss with the class how the Electoral College works and what running for President was like (the game during Independent Practice). Afterwards the teacher and the class will debate if the Electoral Vote or a Popular Vote is best for America.