Lesson Plan

Six Simple Machines

Informational Reading and Writing & Force and Motion
Renee V.
Classroom teacher
Hamilton Elementary School
Hamilton, United States
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My Grades 3
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies, English Language Learning

Students will be able to...read informational texts and create an informational text about the six simple machines and know the difference between a simple machine and compound machine.

Students will be able to understand how an informational text is written through the knowledge and use of text features.

Students will be able to communicate and share information to an audience.

English Language Arts
Grades Pre-K – 5
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Six Simple Machines

Free to try, Paid
Britannica School
Free to try, Paid
Book Creator
Free, Paid

Hook: The teacher will share Rube Goldberg's cartoon on Machine Activity and ask what is happening in the picture? As students explain the teacher will create a list of what machine is being used to solve a problem.

Next after the list is created the teacher will share Pebble Go in a whole group to show access to what a simple machine is and its purpose. This introduction of each of the six simple machines through Pebble Go will scaffold information through simple explanation of text, pictures and videos.

Direct Instruction: As each of the six simple machine's are introduced one by one each day over the next 6 days the students will recognize them in and around the school campus and at home.  The teacher will introduce how to use text features in expository texts during reader's workshop. They will also read simple machine books from the school and classroom library as well as in EPIC that have been placed in their collection to write down information on each in a graphic organizer. Finally the teacher  will lead the students on a scavenger hunt with the iPad and take pictures of the 6 simple machines with a partner. The teacher will challenge students to bring in examples of simple machines and share them on the science table.

Guided Practice: The teacher will provide leveled texts for the student to gather information on their research. The sites the students can access are Britannica Elementary where the text is read to the student and broken into 3 levels. Pebble Go with simple text and visuals, Epic- each student's book collection was carefully selected for their independent reading level and leveled books within the classroom and school library placed into leveled bins to be read with a reading partner with close reading ability.

Independent Practice: The teacher will introduce Book Creator with co-teacher/librarian/technology teacher to small groups of students. The students will share their learning about the 6 simple machines in Book Creator independently, where they will have voice and choice as to how they will create their simple machine book. Book Creator will show an authentic learning experience because it allows students to create an expository text using text features, text, visuals, upload pictures from their scavenger hunt and go so far as to add a Title page, dedication, table of contents, informational text on each simple machine that includes a picture and caption, an author page, and citation page.

Wrap Up: The teacher will provide the 3rd grade students with an opportunity to share their e-book with an audience. The students will teach what they have learned with their parents and the second grade students.

Student Instructions

Hook: The student will observe the Rube Golberg picture of the Machine Activity and discuss with a partner or Think, Pair and Share what they see.

The student will access Pebble Go on their device and read or listen to the explanation of each device and watch videos for how they work.

Direct Instruction: The student will write down information on simple machines on a graphic organizer about the machine's purpose, a sketch, a connection and the definition. They will read it by using text features within the informational text from a collection of books within the school and classroom library and by accessing their EPIC simple machine collection of books. Finally, the students will be paired up to take pictures of each of the 6 simple machines on their iPad as they go on a scavenger hunt inside the school building and outside on the school campus. The student, as a challenge, will bring in simple machines from home to share at the science table.

Guided Practice: Students are paired with a partner with like reading ability to gather research for their graphic organizer. The students have access to PebbleGo- simple text that also reads to student and has videos, Britannica Elementary- leveled text that also reads to student and level texts within the classroom to gather information for graphic organizer.

Independent Practice: Each student will create a simple machine book using the App Book Creator. They will have the opportunity to use their voice and choice to share their expertise from their research. Each student must provide information about each simple machine and compare it to a compound machine. They will use text, captions, and visuals they will upload from authentic pictures they took from their scavenger hunt or uploaded from Britannica Image Quest.

Wrap Up: The 3rd grade students will share their e-book with their parents and then at another time with the second grade classes. Here is where they are the experts sharing what they have learned by teaching their knowledge to others.