Reconstruction Lesson 2
1 Hook/Intro - Johnson as president
2 Johnson opposes congress
Teacher will present pictures from the time and discuss their significance. Focusing first on the struggle between congress and President Johnson over aid to African Americans at the start of reconstruction. This gets students attention because rarely does our congress and president disagree so entirely and especially not over something like civil rights. Transition into talking about the KKK.
3 Discuss Racism
Students frequently have trouble grasping how the KKK could do what it did during reconstruction morally and legally. This is a time to answer questions, and dispel any misconceptions. A student may ask a question to start this, if not it should be started by the teacher with an open ended question such as "Why do you think the KKK was allowed to commit murder without repercussions?"
Students will need to voice their opinions as well as their questions and confusion.
4 Northern reaction to conflict during early reconstruction
Discuss the Norths reponse to these problems. Topics will include the Military Reconstruction act, carpetbaggers and scalawags, the 14th amendment. Lead into the fact that Johnson is impeached to create interest in the lesson late on.
5 Sharecropping Jigsaw
Students will listen to an interview on youtube, view a set of pictures on instagram or find a sharecropping contract on google scholar. The three sources will give students different perspectives on sharecropping. After gaining these different perspectives students will switch groups and explain what they learned to others in their group. They will then discuss what they learned and what they think of sharecropping as an economic and social system
students will quickly answer the questions "What is impeachment?" and "What reasons can we impeach someone for?" Discuss the answers that come up
7 Steps forward
Show pictures from this time period related to the topics discussed. Discuss Johnson's impeachment, the 1868 presidential race, the election of the first African American congressman, and the 15th Amendment and its reception and problems such as poll taxes and reading requirements if time allows.
Key Standards Supported
Reading History/Social Studies
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and ideas.
Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources.