Lesson Plan

Pre-Reading Vocabulary Lesson

In this lesson students will learn about the types of context clues and how to use them to determine unknown word meanings.
Amber M.
Classroom teacher
South Hagerstown High School
Hagerstown, MD
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My Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
My Subjects English Language Arts
Objectives

Students will be able to...

- Use context clues to determine unknown word meanings within texts

- Identify and use outside resources to determine unknown word meanings if context clues are not helpful

 

Subjects
English Language Arts
Social Studies
Arts
World Languages
Grades 6 - 12
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Create a Kahoot  quiz game with 7-10 questions related to key vocabulary terms for an upcoming reading. For each word, include a sentence that properly uses the word, an image, and answer choices that show possible word meanings.

Student Instructions

Use your own device, or a school-provided device, to log into Kahoot at Kahoot.it. Access the game with the code provided, and then play!

2 Direct Instruction

Nearpod
Free, Paid

Create a Nearpod presentation to teach students about the different types of Context Clues (see this article from Reading Rockets) with some integrated practice for each of the types of Context Clues. It would also be a good idea to provide students with a handout to take notes on.

Student Instructions

Follow along with your teacher as you learn about the different types of context clues and how to use them to determine unknown word meanings while you read.

3 Guided Practice

Nearpod
Free, Paid

In the next section of the Nearpod presentation, include a short, grade-appropriate text that includes vocabulary which would be difficult for your students. It would be helpful to also provide students with a hard copy and highlighters. Have students read the text with a partner, highlighting words that are unfamiliar, and then practicing using context clues to determine what they mean. Embed open-ended or multiple choice questions into the Nearpod to review the words students likely struggled with after the students have had time to work with their partners.

Student Instructions

Read the text provided to you, highlighting any words that are unfamiliar to you. Then, with your partner, practice using context clues to determine possible meanings for these words. When time is up, turn back to the Nearpod and answer the questions to review with the class!

4 Independent Practice

Padlet
Free, Paid

Choose several passages from the focus text for your unit to assign to students. Each student should be assigned one passage. Students should read the passage, identifying any unknown words and using context clues to determine their meaning. Students should post their findings to a class Padlet, which can then be used as a resource for the whole class. Their padlet post should include the word and their definition, as well as the phrase or sentence the word was found in and the type of context clue(s) the student used.   If you think students will be uncomfortable associating their names with their work, provide them with a number or other code name so you can identify each student's work for assessment purposes.

Student Instructions

Read the passage that you are assigned, and identify at least 3 words that are unfamiliar to you. Use context clues to determine what the words mean. Then, create a separate Padlet post for each word. Your post should include:

-The word and your definition

-The phrase or sentence you found the word in

-What type of context clue you used to determine the word meaning (root, logic, contrast, definition, example/illustration, grammar)

5 Wrap-Up

Explain to students that sometimes context clues are not enough, and in such a case it is OK to use a resource like a dictionary to figure out what a word means.

Ask students to use a dictionary app (or a real dictionary) to check their Padlet postings to be sure they correctly defined each word. They should make any needed edits.

Then, have students write an exit-slip reflection responding to the following questions: How can understanding and using context clues make you a better reader? How comfortable do you feel with using context clues, on a scale of 1-5? What do you need more practice with?

Student Instructions

Use a dictionary app to check the accuracy of your padlet postings and make any needed edits.

Write an exit slip response reflecting on the following questions:

1) How can understanding and using context clues make you a better reader?

2) How comfortable do you feel with using context clues, on a scale of 1-5?

3) What do you need more practice with?