Lesson Plan

Photography Basics and Phone Photography

This will show the basic principles of photography and teach how to take better photos with an Iphone
Zachary Z.
Homeschooling parent
School of Example, Anywhere, MO
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My Grades Pre-K, K, 12
My Subjects Math
  • Explain the basic 3 elements of exposure (Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO)
  • Understand depth of field, and camera shake, and apply these concepts to real-life photography
  • Recall the workings of a camera
  • Understand when and how to use flash
  • Assess when to use HDR
  • Composing a photo with the rule of thirds
  • Apply to phone photography
Grades 7 – 12
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook (3 min)

Create a quick quiz testing a few (10) of the concepts.

The Question's Will be on the following topics

  1. Aperture- Which of the below does the aperture affect?
  2. Shutter Speed- Lowering this will cause motion blur.
  3. ISO- This changes exposure with out making a physical change when taking a picture/
  4. Fill Flash- When is fill flash used?
  5. HDR- With HDR, how many shots are typically used?
  6. Rule of Thirds- What is the name of the principle of composition used in this photograph?
  7. What is a sensor?- Where is the sensor located
  8. Focal Length- A greater focal length means what?
  9. Depth of Field- This is affected by which of the following?
  10. How does a shutter work?- How many curtains are present in a modern camera.

Kahoot will be able to quantify the students' knowledge before and after my presentation.

Student Instructions

The students will attempt to answer the questions to the best of their ability.  Lower scores are expected.

2 Direct Instruction (7 min)

Create and present a Prezi.  The Prezi will first discuss the camera internals/ structure.  The location of the aperture ring, shutter, sensor, shutter release, and mirrors will be explained.  I will also explain what happens when a picture is taken.  I will then explore the three elements of exposure: Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO.  I will talk about the effect of aperture on Depth of Field (DOF) and sharpness, shutter speed on motion blur, and ISO on noise.  I will then explain when to use flash; I will talk about fill flash and flash vs. ambient light.  I will then talk about HDR, and finish with the rule of thirds.


Prezi is a useful tool to use as it shows flow and incorporates images well.

Student Instructions

Listen to the Prezi, and think about how this applies to phone photography.

3 Guided/ Independant Practice (3 min)

Show how to use the app, go through one or two examples, then let the students mess around with it.

First, I will show them the effect of a change in shutter speed.

Second, I will show them a change in depth of field due to a change in aperture.

Lastly, I will let them explore the software by themselves


Student Instructions

Use the app with the teacher, then on your own.  Explore the following ideas: Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO, Focal Length, and distance from subject.

4 Wrap Up (2 min)

Make another Kahoot quiz as a "post-test.  Cover the same 10 topics as the pre-test, but with different questions.  Afterwards, compare the averages.

The Questions Will be on the following topics

Aperture- What element of the camera changes in size to determine the amount of light that enters the camera.
Shutter Speed- Which of these shutter speeds would one use on a portrait.
ISO- This affects the amount of digital noise present in the photo
Fill Flash- What is used to soften shadows in full day light
HDR- What does HDR stand for?
Rule of Thirds- What is the name of the principle of composition used in this photograph?
What is a sensor?- What element of photography affects sensor sensitivity?
Focal Length- At higher focal lengths, is the depth of field greater or smaller?
Depth of Field- Which picture shows the smallest depth of field?
How does a shutter work?- What is the purpose of a shutter?

Kahoot will be able to quantify the students' knowledge before and after my presentation.

Student Instructions

Play the Kahoot.  A higher score is expected.