Lesson Plan

On the other end of the telescope: Space, Moon and the Planets

Students will learn through integrated applications about the movement and concepts of space
Elizabeth J.
Classroom teacher
Ona Elementary School
Ona, United States
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My Grades 1
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies

Students will be able to...

SC.O.1.1.1 ask questions about themselves and their world.

SC.O.1.1.3 demonstrate curiosity, initiative and creativity by questioning observations of changes in the environment (e.g., life cycles, motion of celestial objects, or sun and shadow).

SC.O.1.2.15 recognize that the sun, moon, and stars appear to move.

SC.O.1.2.16 observe and discuss the importance of objects in the day and night sky.

Application of Science

Students will

identify how the parts of a system interact,
recognize and use models as representations of real things,
demonstrate the ability to distinguish between natural and man-made objects,
Listen and be tolerant of different viewpoints while working in collaborative groups, and
demonstrate the ability to evaluate the impact of different points of view on health, population, resources and environment practices.

Grades 1
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 The Hook

Students will be previewing the movie of the moon that shows the different phases of the moon which prepares students for the events of the real lunar eclipse.

Students will also have the opportunity to view in the mobile lab the portions of Brainpop jr. discussing the solar system, earth, mars along with the moon.

Students will keep notes in their interactive science journal to be used later for their individual planet reports later.

Guided Questioning:

What are some of the moon phases/

What is the difference between waning and waxing?

What is the moon phase today?

Do you know how many days it takes for the phase to complete?



What are the planets? How many?

What is the closest to Earth? The Sun?

Which Planet do you think is the coolest?  Why?

2 Guided Practice: Moon Phases Flip Book

Free to Try, Paid

Using the flocabulary website: Moon Phases     http://www.flocabulary.com/moon-phases/

Students can view and learn about the moon phases

In addition to viewing the website, students will be given an extended lesson

Students will be given the different phases of the moon to construct a moon phase flip book so they can review and see the moon phases in action when flipped through.  Students will color the portion of the moon that is in the earth's shadow with a  black marker.

Students will learn new moon comes first: no moon is visible

Waxing cresent, means growing into a large phase

First Quarter: or a half moon

Waxing Gibbous: Means swollen but growing-larger than a half moon but not quite full

Full Moon

Then the moon begins to get smaller: Waning means shrinking

Waning Gibbous: Shrinking but still swollen

Third quarter moon:half moon

Waning Cresent: Shrinking small cresent size phase 




3 Whole Group: Reading about space

Students will read Our Solar System from Raz Kids on the smart board.  The book is a learning tool for students to view and listen to the different objects in space and learn about each planet's characteristics.

This tool is great to aid in learning phonemic awareness and accomodates learners that struggle to read.  Students also have the opportunity to listen to this at home in an application version or later on the ipad in the class individually.

4 Independent Practice: Learning through games/Planet Report

Students will begin this part of the lesson using the ipad lab and utilizing the app for Britannica kids: Solar System

This app offers a lot of valuable information and allows students to navigate through different features including games and videos that will optimize their learning of the planets and the solar system.

Students will utilize the app for research and as investigative tool for choosing and learning about the characteristics of a planet they choose.

Students will create a model of the planet and type a report using their findings from the app.

Students will be able to search throughout the internet to locate other resources including brainpop, you tube, and the app described above.

Students will take home a note that encourages parents to get involved and assist students in creating an accurate model of the planet they choose.


5 Wrap up and Share: Planet Models and Reports

Activity: Presenting

Students will share their models with the class and present their planet reports.  Students will display their models in accordance to the sun model to represent the space between the sun and each of the planets.  There will be multiple planets for some which is perfectly fine.

Students will present and discuss their findings and show the references to the information.  

Question and Answer: Students will have the opportunity to ask the presenter questions and find additional information concerning their model or report. 
Example:  Why is your planet Red? (MARS)  Student can explain that the Red color comes from the iron rich environment.

Students will be evaluated on their participation, performance and ability to collaborate with the students in a whole class manner.