Nouns: Person, Place, Thing, Animal
- watch the video "Nouns" (this video is free)
- the video will show the viewers places to "pause" when watching to promote discussion throughout.
2 Direct Instruction
The students will look at pictures and sentences using the educreations tool. Prior to the lesson, you will need to create a simple presentation in Educreations that can be projected onto the whiteboard. The presentation should contain 4 or more sentences. The sentences should at least have one noun for each category (person, place, thing or animal).
Project this presentation on a screen and then use it to guide your instruction and explain what a noun is. For example: Find a picture of a girl and below it include a sentence that says, "The girl is outside." Guide the students into finding the noun (girl) and explain that a noun is a word that can name a person. Then brainstorm other examples of common nouns that name a person. As you brainstorm the nouns, you can use the writing tool to write them right on the presentation alongside the picture.
Repeat this step with a picture and sentence of a place. Example: a picture of a house. Below the picture write a sentence such as, "The house is blue." Again, guide the students into finding the noun (house) and explain that nouns can also name a place. Brainstorm a list of nouns that can name a place (restaurant, hospital, park, school, library, etc.) and list them on the presentation page. Then continue with a sentence and picture for a noun that names a thing and a noun that names an animal.
*If students need extra practice, I would ask them to think of a noun in our classroom. I would then take a picture of that noun and together write a sentence using that noun.
3 Guided Practice
Students will use their ipads to take pictures of nouns around the classroom using their ipad's camera tool. The teacher will provide the class with a category (person, place, thing, or animal). Instruct the students to carefully go on a hunt for a noun that names a person within your classroom. The students will find a noun that names a person, take a picture of that noun, return to their seats, and then share out with their classmates. Repeat this activity with nouns that name a place, thing, and animal.
*If you would like to extend this portion of the lesson you may allow the students to insert their own picture of a noun into Educreations and write a sentence about it. My students were able to do this from my demonstration using Educreations during direct instruction.
4 Independent Practice
Using the itunes app, Grammar Wonderland, the students will play an engaging game to practice finding nouns. There are two versions of this app created by McGraw Hill. I used the primary version. There is both a lite and full version of this app. There are 2 noun games available on the lite primary version which may be played for free. More options are available on the paid version.
*If you feel that your students need more of a challenge or would like to differentiate your instruction there is also both a lite and full version of the elementary version of this app. The common noun game is NOT available on the lite version so I paid for it. I used this elementary version with my first grade students who needed a more rigorous task. Both full versions are available to purchase for $2.99.
I have chosen to use Padlet as an "exit ticket" and wrap-up to this introductory lesson on common nouns. Padlet is a very user-friendly, web-based, virtual bulletin board. It is a great way to share out student answers/findings, create discussions, and ultimately assess student learning.
Prior to the lesson, you will need to create a Padlet "wall". It is very easy to do. Once you set up an account, you will click "Create a new padlet". On the far right side you will see a "+" sign. Click on the "+" to create a new wall. Then select "modify wall" and you're on your way!
I titled mine "common nouns" and I put the task under the description as: "Write a noun and share with the class the heading it falls under (person, place, thing, animal). It will allow you to make other modifications such as wallpaper and how student responses are seen on the bulletin board once posted. All of these modifications are easy to use. When finished modifying your padlet wall, it will be saved on your home screen so it is ready to use for your lesson.
When you are ready to wrap-up your lesson, login to Padlet and project it up on a screen or whiteboard so your students will be ready to see their classmates responses appear right before their eyes. Explain to the students that you would like them to "share" their responses to the prompt: Write a noun and share with the class what heading it falls under (person, place, thing, or animal).
You have different options to allow your students to "share" or "post" their responses on the wall. I choose to share this Padlet wall with my students using the QR code provided when projecting my Padlet wall. When projected, click on the "share/export" button on the far right side of the Padlet wall. I have my students "scan" the QR code given using the app i-nigma which I have downloaded on all student ipads. I have found this to be the quickest and easiest way for my class to quickly access my padlet wall. The students had no trouble using i-nigma (which is a free application) and it took them directly to my Padlet wall. Once you provide them with the task, they can double tap on the "wall" and type their name, a common noun, and the category (person, place, thing, animal). Their responses will be posted on the "wall" as they type and their classmates and I can see their noun. This allows for discussion amongst the children and myself and allows me to assess their understanding of the content taught and learned that day. I can then plan for my future instruction.
*There are other options to share. You may want to have the students type in the link to access the Padlet wall however I have found this to be more time consuming and challenging for my first graders. Using the QR code and the i-nigma app has been the most successful.
Key Standards Supported
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Print all upper- and lowercase letters.
Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.
Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).
Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their, anyone, everything).
Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home).
Use frequently occurring adjectives.
Use frequently occurring conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or, so, because).
Use determiners (e.g., articles, demonstratives).
Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., during, beyond, toward).
Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Capitalize dates and names of people.
Use end punctuation for sentences.
Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.
Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.
Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.