Lesson Plan

Mock Rocks

Students will create trading cards defining physical properties of rocks, define rocks and minerals, and make observations about rocks
Anna P.
Classroom teacher
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My Grades 4
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies
Objectives

Students will be able to...

Describe physical properties of a mock rock.

Use a measuring tool to gather data about the mock rock.

Describe the difference between a rock and a mineral 

Determine why and how to break down a mock rock.

Subjects
Science
Grades 4
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Students will watch the brainPOP Jr. video titled Rocks and Minerals. The video introduces the terms geologist, rock, mineral, and physical properties such as color, texture, luster and hardness. It also discusses how we people use rocks and minerals. 

After the video, students will discuss the facts that they learned.  The teacher will guide the discussion to three specific points:

1. Rocks are made up of minerals, minerals cannot be broken down any further.

2. Geology is the study of the earth.

3. Properties are characteristics of objects that are used to describe them such as color, texture, luster, size,  hardness, and shape. 

2 Direct Instruction

Activity: Conversing

After the video, students will discuss the facts that they learned.  The teacher will guide the discussion to three specific points:

1. Rocks are made up of minerals, minerals cannot be broken down any further.

2. Geology is the study of the earth.

3. Properties are characteristics of objects that are used to describe them such as color, texture, luster, hardness, and shape. 

3 Guided Practice

The teacher will introduce the mock rock and explain that they are simulations of real rocks. They will be acting as geologists and determining what minerals are in their rock. The teacher will explain that they can't easily determine the minerals withouth doing tests first. 

Their task today is to make observations of the rock. They will be observing the physical properties of the rocks such as color, texture, luster, size, and shape (leave hardness for later). Students will look at their Earth Materials Notebook that is found on Schoology and will open it in Notability to fill in their answers together with their group members. They will use a measuring tape to measure the diameter, circumference, and depth of the rock and record their data. 

When they are complete with their measurments, they will make trading cards for the physical properties of a rock. They will be assessed as a group. The students will access the directions in Schoology, they are also listed below.

Directions for Physical Properties Trading Cards:

With your group, you will create trading cards for each of the physical properties that you observed about your rock.

If there are enough properties, each student in the group will complete one card.

Create one trading card per property:Size, color, shape, luster, texture

Find a picture on the Internet that can be used to describe each property.

Use the picture in your trading card.

Write the definition of the property in the card.

Email all of the trading cards to the teacher.

You will be assessed on the following:

Property

4- The property is correctly defined in detail.

3- The property is correctly defined.

2- The property is somewhat defined.

1- The property is not defined properly.

Picture

4- The picture describes the property in great detail

3- The picture describes the property.

2- The picture somewhat describes the property.

1- The picture does not describe the property.

Complete Product

4- All 5 trading cards have been emailed and are perfectly complete.

3- All 5 trading cards have been emailed and are complete.

2- Most of the trading cards have been emailed and are complete.

1- Only some of the trading cards have been emailed or they are not complete.

4 Independent Practice

Students will be given three options in which to be assessed. All of the assessments will be on their understanding of the concepts of rocks vs. minerals. Students can either:

1. Create and record on Voice Record a song that includes the definitions of and differences between a rock and mineral.

2. Create a diagram on Educreations with their voices recorded that shows the definitions of and differences between a rock and a mineral. 

3. Record a video of a demonstration that shows the students knowledge of the difference between a rock and a mineral. 

Students will email the teacher their final product.

Students will access directions on Schoology, they are also included below.

Directions for Rocks vs. Minerals Explanation:

Individually, you will share your knowledge of the difference between rocks and minerals. You have three choices:

Create and record  using Voice Record a short song (no more than 1 minute) that includes the definitions of and differences between a rock and a mineral.

Create a diagram using Educreations with your voiceover that shows the definitions of and differences between a rock and a mineral (no more than 1 minute).

Create a demonstration and record using your video camera that shows the definitions of and differences between a rock and a mineral. You could make something and relate the objects to rocks and minerals. No more than two minutes.

You will be assessed on the following:

Definition

4- The definitions of rocks and minerals are clearly understood

3- The definitions of rocks and minerals are understood.

2- The definitions of rocks and minerals are somewhat understood.

1- The definitions of rocks and minerals are not understood.

Picture

4- The picture describes the property in great detail

3- The picture describes the property.

2- The picture somewhat describes the property.

1- The picture does not describe the property.

Complete Product

4- The product is put together neatly, and turned in on time.

3- The product is put together and turned in on time.

2- The product is choppy and or not turned in on time.

1- The product was not turned in.

5 Wrap-Up

Activity: Assessing

Students will check-in on Geddit. This is an App that acts as an exit ticket. They will be asked to answer three questions. The first one is: Name the 5 properties we look at when observing a rock. The second one is: What is the definition of a rock. The third one is: What is the definition of a mineral. After they answer the quesitons, they will be asked to check-in to tell me how well the understand the material. The results for the questions and the check-in will be displayed for the teacher to see. 

 

**After the lesson is over, students will start the process of breaking down their rock into fine pieces. This is needed to get ready for the next lesson.