Lesson Plan

Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent

Students will review events in history that have impacted the modern world. They will investigate social, economic, and political developments throughout time. They will discuss how these developments have influenced both national and world conditions i
Steven S.
Special Education Instructor
John F Kennedy Middle School
Springfield, MA
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My Grades 6, 7, 8
My Subjects Science, Social Studies

Students will be able to answer the following questions:

1. What geographical features made life in the Fertile Crescent possible?

2. What were the beliefs and values of the Ancient Mesopotamian people?

3. What historical accomplishments is each civilization (Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria) known for?

4. Who was Hammurabi and what were the basic principals of justice in his Code of Laws?

Social Studies
cultural understanding
global awareness
power structures
the economy
Grades 6 - 8
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Intro/Hook

Teacher will introduce Mesopotamia using Crash Course online video. Teacher will instruct students to come up with 3-5 questions from the video about Mesopotamia.

Teacher and students will use Google Earth to identify the present day location of Mesopotamia and identify the countries in that region


Teacher will provide materials- textbook, wall map, globes, outline of the Fertile Crescent without labels, pencils, pens, color pencils, markers

Teacher will discuss the movement, voice level and materials directions before having one student pass out the textbooks





Student Instructions

Students will ask 3-5 questions from video

Students will use Google Earth to identify the countries in the region

Students will skim the first section of their textbooks and identify maps, pictures, key terms, headings, and pictures

Create a physical map identifying important geographical features

Compare a map of the Fertile Crescent to a modern day political map of the region. Brainstorm the reasons various names of this region

2 Activator

Activity: Reading

Teacher will instruct students to skim the section, using a voice level 1 to facilitate small group discussion, and identify headings, pictures, maps, vocabulary in bold etc.

Teacher will introduce the vocabulary and identify key terms/names. Teacher will assign students the task of recording the vocabulary in their notebooks. The teacher will review the vocabulary before allowing students to proceed in small groups

Teacher will introduce vocabulary and key terms to be discussed during this class period

Student Instructions

Students will identify and define key terms and record the vocabulary in their classroom notebook


3 Mini Lesson

Teacher will review concept of graphic organizing and introduce the website bubbl.us as an online graphic organizer/tool.

Teacher will instruct students to use their graphic organizer to create a paragraph about civilization using evidence from the text


Student Instructions

Use a graphic organizer to list the characteristics of civilization

Write a paragraph that describes the elements that make up a civilization. Your paragraph must have a topic sentence, at least three support sentences, and a conclusion sentence that restates but does not repeat the topic sentence.

Students will be able to answer the following questions:

1. What geographical features made life in the Fertile Crescent possible?

2. What does it mean to have a surplus of food?

3. Why is it important to have a division of labor?

4. What role did writing play in creating a civilization?

5. What is the role of government and religion in a civilization?

4 Wrap Up

Activity: Assessing

Teacher will provide feedback, ask clarifying questions and check for feedback on online sources

Student Instructions

Students will present the different aspects of civilization

Students will complete a classroom version of the Code of Hammurabi