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Media Literacy: Flex Your Fact-Checking Muscles - Read Laterally
While students may have already seen the Pacific Northwest Octopus hoax site, they probably have not yet compared it to credible sites - or considered that, while hoax sites are created to be completely false, today many sites are only partially true or false.
Turn to a partner and share your reaction to the above websites. Why were you skeptical or trusting of one or the other - or both?
2 Direct Instruction
Share the Nathan for You, Petting Zoo video.
Remind students that we all need media literacy skills and an awareness of "confirmation bias."
Share Part 2 of the Petting Zoo Hero. Invite discussion.
Open the Flex Your Fact-Checking Muscles hyperdoc and review the medial literacy vocabulary list.
Now that you understand why it is important to step out of your “filter bubble,” increase your media literacy skills, and confront fake news, it’s time to flex your fact-checking muscles by reading laterally. Lateral reading is an essential digital skill - just as important as vertical reading (starting at the top and reading down) or close reading.
3 Guided Practice
Display or have students open the hyperdoc and, using the NASA Frog Photobomb (from the chart), demonstrate the ART of fact checking by lateral reading.
Check out the ART of fact-checking steps (Author, Reliability, Target) used for evaluating the NASA Frog Photobomb.
4 Independent Parctice
Students can work independently or in teams.
Head to the chart and start practicing the ART of fact checking by flexing your "lateral reading" skills.
5 Extension - An Invitation to Publish
If your students take us up on our invitation to publish their lateral reading skills and tips, please contact us at [email protected] or [email protected]. We would love to showcase their work on our Digital Citizenship website.
Students-teaching-students is a powerful teaching model. We have included a Common Sense video in the Explore section of a teacher talking to other teachers about fact-checking and lateral reading. We would love to replace this video with a student-created video, slideshow and/or infographic to show what lateral reading looks like from the perspective and experience of a student fact-checker. Go for it!
Key Standards Supported
Reading Informational Text
Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or events, or how individuals influence ideas or events).
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas.
Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.
Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words).
Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims.
Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts.
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.
Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories).
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.
Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.
Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.
Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video, multimedia) to present a particular topic or idea.
Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.
Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
Analyze how the author unfolds an analysis or series of ideas or events, including the order in which the points are made, how they are introduced and developed, and the connections that are drawn between them.
Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums (e.g., a person’s life story in both print and multimedia), determining which details are emphasized in each account.
Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning.
Analyze seminal U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (e.g., Washington’s Farewell Address, the Gettysburg Address, Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms speech, King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”), including how they address related themes and concepts.
By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 9–10 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.