Main Idea and Details
1 The Hook
This lesson is adapted from Engage NY. The unit is introduced by having posters around the room with different animals (armadillo, opossum, butterfly, impala). The question attached to each poster is, "Whan can you infer about animal defense mechanisms from this picture?"
In groups, students will carousel each poster. They will use Lino to post observations. When done, they will decide what all of the inferences have in common.
2 Direct Instruction
After having read the article, "Award-winning Survival Skills" once for a general understanding, the teacher will model with the Explain Everything app how to determine the main idea. First, details from the Pufferfish section will be underlined and transferred to a premade t-chart. After having completed the t-chart, a decision is made as to what the main idea is based on the details. The main idea is written on the other side of the t-chart. A summary paragraph is written using the information from the t-chart. Explain Everything demonstration lesson can be saved for students to be able to review at a later time.
Students are wataching the short demonstration lesson. They debrief steps to forming the main idea and details in groups.
3 Guided Practice
Teacher decides on groups of students to work together and creates a folder in Edmodo. They work together to complete the graphic organizer of another animal in the article by identifying main idea, details, and summary paragraph and upload to Edmodo.
Teacher provides feedback, prompts and/or cues based on student need.
Teacher can choose to share the summary paragraphs after all groups are complete to demonstrate how the same information can be written in various ways.
Students work collaboratively to complete assignment and upload to their Edmodo group folder.
4 Independent Practice
Depending on experience level of students, they can use Explain Everything to create a squenced steps of the process of determining main idea, details, and summary paragraph. There is another app called bContext that can be used for the same purpose. Or students can create a PowerPoint of the process. It's beneficial to give student choice of how they would like to demonstrate their knowledge.
Students use grpaphic organizer to identify details, determine the main idea, and write a summary paragraph on another animal of their choice from the article. They then have the option of what digitial tool they would like to use to publish their final product.
Key Standards Supported
Reading Informational Text
Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4–5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.