Begin by viewing the 5 minute TedTalks video Are Elvish, Klingon, Dothraki and Na'vi real languages? on how languages are constructed and how they evolve over time. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5mZ0R3h8m0&safe=active. Follow up with a quick survey of familiar foreign languages among students and add a few highlights about similarities between some of the mentioned languages and English.
2 Direct Instruction
Next show students this fun 4 minute video on how diverse translations can be using google translate http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMkJuDVJdTw&safe=active. This video shows us what happens when we translate the lyrics of the Fresh Prince of Bel-Air through every language in Google Translate (64 times), and then taking what remains and translating it BACK into English.
3 Guided Practice
Walk students through a few translation apps (such as googletranslate, itranslate, translate free, translate voice free, etc.) using a master list of words to translate into a few target languages and compare/contrast translations. Discuss how the differences result form multiple meaning words and the use in context.
4 Independent Practice
Have students create a few sentences and work with a partner to translate the words and phrases. Students will experience the difficulty of word by word translation bringing attention to the fact that each language has varied phrases that communicate different meanings over simple word by word translations.
Homework--prepare a short paragraph or 1 minute oral presentation on the question: How can having no knowledge of a foreign culture and language can cause harm in the work and social environments? Site 3 sources with your answer.