Lesson Plan

Introducing Claims and Reasons

In this lesson students will learn how to draft an introduction paragraph for an argumentative essay using Robert Frost's"A Brook in the City" poem by way of LearnZillion.
Rachelle W.
Digital Learning Specialist
Fort Settlement Middle School
Sugar Land, United States
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My Grades 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
My Subjects English Language Arts

Students will be able to...

Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback, including new arguments or information.

English Language Arts
Grades 11 – 12
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Free, Free to try, Paid

Padlet is a great tool for having students communicate short responses quickly and in real-time.  On the Padlet page, provide 3-5 opening lines from songs, novels, or movies. . 

Student Instructions

 Students identify the titles of the songs and enter their responses on the Padlet page.  If your learning environment is 1:1, iPad, or BYOD you can create a QR code for the students to scan to quickly respond to this opening activity

2 Direct Instruction

This lesson for 11-12 grade students is great model for direct instruction for writing introductions for argumentative essays.  Thiis is best if your students are also reading this selection.


Student Instructions

Watch the LearnZillion video, "Introducing Claims and Reasons" outside the class.  When you return to class be prepared to draft an introduction for "A Brook in the City".

3 Guided Practice

Google Drive
Free, Paid

Google Docs are great for collaboration.  If your students do not have Gmail accounts or Google Drive, you will want to create a shared Google Doc for each of your groups of students.  If your students have Drive accounts they can share the document with each other.  

Student Instructions

In groups of 3-4, students together will draft an introduction for a familiar text.  One student is responsible for sentence 1, one for sentence 2, and so on.  After each student has contributed they can make comments and suggestions to improve the introduction.

4 Independent Practice

Create an assignment in Edmodo for students to submit their own Introduction for the selection they are reading.  Students can complete the task as homework.

Student Instructions

Consider the features their groups included to compose their shared introduction.  Now it's time for them to write theirr own.  Students will draft their own introduction for their argumentative essay topic.  Then, submit their assignments in Edmodo.

5 Wrap-Up

As an extension activity, students can create short introductions for their essay or for publishing their writing using Audacity.  They can even add sound effects to help convey the appropriate mood of the text.  Finally, they can share their finished "podcasts" or audio recordings on a public website to share with others or an authentic audience.