Lesson Plan

Introduce Coding in Kindergarten

Introduce computer science concepts to students and help them start coding.
Margaret A P.
Director of STEAM Innovation
The Agnes Irwin School
Rosemont, United States
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My Grades 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies, Arts
  • Explain what code is and what a computer programmer does
  • Understand sequence and the need to give precise directions/codes
  • Engage in collaborative teamwork and problem solving to identify multiple solutions
English Language Learning
Grades K
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Show this video as a way to grab students' attention and introduce some general concepts that you will discuss this year (e.g,. everyone can learn to code - it doesn't matter if you're a girl or a boy, if you're young or old, and if you live in our town or a different one). 

2 Direct Instruction

Activity: Conversing

Sit down with students and ask them to suggest ideas for what code is and how it works. Explain that code is the languages that computers speak - you can connect the idea to how people speak many different langauges and how there are many different languages of code (students oftne love to hear some of their names, like Python, Ruby, Scratch, and Kodable).

Ask students to share how computers "talk." Do they speak? Can you use your voice to control most computers? Help students make the connection between typing letters and symbols (or moving blocks around) into a computer and giving it instructions.

Ask students to brainstorm why computers might need instructions and introduce the more complex idea that code languages are a way for people to communicate with computers - machines that only understand binary. You can even go on a scavenger hunt through the classroom or school  to try and find computers "hiding" all around (e.g., inside phones and tablets, TVs, etc). 

Remind students that all they have to do to learn to code and eventually become computer programmers, is to practice, because anyone can learn! 

3 Guided Practice

Introduce the Kodable app. Explain that the fuzzFamily robots all have computers inside them, which means that they need instructions in computer language (code!). 

Draw the codes the students will use (up, down, left, right) and discuss the importance of sequence when helping the robots reach the end of a maze. 

Complete one or two mazes together as a class, displaying the app for everyone to see. Then break students into teams of 2-4 students per iPad to practice coding. 

4 Wrap Up

Book Creator
Free, Paid

Have students create a class ebook to share what they have learned about coding. Students can explain what code is and the specific codes they have used in Kodable. They can talk about who can code and what code is used for and how to learn to code. They can also share their reflections about working together to practice their coding.