Lesson Plan


All About Hurricanes
Jessica S.
After-school program educator
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My Grades 4, 5
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies, Arts

Students will be able to...

  1. Identify what a hurricane is
  2. Define vocabulary words relating to hurricanes
  3. Explain how a hurricane is formed in sequential order
  4. Compare and contrast hurricanes to other rapid weather events such as tornadoes
  5. Recall hurricanes of the past and their damage to nearby states
  6. Create an action plan to prepare for future hurricanes
English Language Arts
Grades 5
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

          Before viewing the video, discuss with students their prior knowledge on hurricanes. Ask the children, "Have you ever seen a hurricane on the news? In person? What did it look like? What effects did it have on the land as well as on the people?" Then, present to the entire whole group the Flocabulary video about hurricanes. After viewing the video, discuss what occurs as a hurricane is forming. In addition, you are going to want to pre-teach the Tier II vocabulary words that the students will need to known as they learn about hurricanes.  Once these 15 vocabulary words have been taught, place them along with their definitions on the science word wall. Then, pass out the lyrics from the video to each student. You may want to replay the Flocabulary video again to refresh the student. Individually, have them complete the Hurricane activity sheet which chronologically represents the steps of a hurricane from the beginning stages to the aftermath. Review activity sheet as a whole group. 

The 15 Tier II Vocabulary Terms:

  • alert
  • chaotic
  • cyclone
  • devastating
  • disaster
  • evacuate
  • eye
  • eyewall
  • flood
  • hurricane
  • gale
  • levee
  • natural disaster
  • ominous
  • tropical storm


2 Direct Instruction

          In a whole group, the teacher will present this information on the white board or smartboard. Students will be asked to jot down in their science journal bulleted notes to keep as a resource for future assessments and activities within this lesson. With this website, students will review what a hurricane is, learn about how a hurricane is classified (categories 1-5), be introduced to how hurricanes get their name, learn about a past major hurricane in the U.S. (Hurricane Katrina), and learn the difference between a hurricane watch and a hurricane warning. 

3 Guided Instruction

          The teacher will then introduce an article regarding a hurricanes effects in Palm Beach, Florida. The text also allows the student to compare and contrast a hurricane with another type of disastrous storm, a tornado.  Three diverse Lexile level texts will be used for this instruction. The first (1100L) is a on a sixth grade reading level and will be read by my flyers. The next (920L) is on a fifth grade level and will be read by my on level readers. The final text (790L) is on a fourth grade level and will be used by my below level reading students. Once all the groups have gotten a chance to read their article by means of a laptop, students will then complete the four question quiz at the end to assess their learning.

4 Independent Practice

          Using this online resource, teachers will have students research the effects of hurricanes in several states within the U.S over the past several years. Students are expected to research 10 states in the U.S. with Maryland being one of them. While researching this information, students will be expected to uncover this information for each state:

  • Name of the hurricane
  • Date of the hurricane
  • State effected by the hurricane

     In addition to this, students will view what to do before, during, and after a hurricane. Students will jot down this emergency information in their notebooks in order to devise an action plan to use in the case of a future hurricane or other natural disaster. For instance,  here are some specific questions that I would have my students include on their plan:

  • What actions should one take before a hurricane to prepare?
  • What actions should one take during the storm to prevent oneself from getting hurt?
  • What precautions should one take after a hurricane?

     With the information on this website as well as the previous information presented during the earlier activities, the action plan should be well constructed and display lots of useful information. This action plan will be completed in groups chosen by the teacher. Groups will create their plans neatly on poster paper and then be expected to present them to the class. Both the plan and the presentation will make up the individual student's grade on this particular assignment.    

5 Wrap Up

          The teacher will present a review of hurricanes as a whole group on the board in the form of a Kahoot! game. The whole group will be split into two teams to play the game.