Lesson Plan

Figurative Language

Digital Figurative Language Instruction
Breana G.
Frostburg State University
Frostburg , United States
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My Grades 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
My Subjects English Language Arts

Students will be able to...

1. Identify the meaning of simile, metaphor, idiom, personification, and hyperbole

2. Identify different types of figurative language within poems

3. Create their own examples of simile, metaphor, idiom, personification, and hyperbole

4. Write a poem that contains figurative language


English Language Arts
Grades 6
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Free, Free to try, Paid

1. Teacher will ask students to compare a family member to an animal.

  • Have the students enter a Stormboard created for this activity. Students will post their comparison on the Stormboard.
  • Give the students an example of what you expect (My sister is like a cheetah because she runs fast).
  • Remind students to compare their family member directly to an animal-you are not looking for things like "they both have legs."

2. Ask students if any of them know what their comparison is called (simile or metaphor depending on format) from previous instruction. 

3. Explain to students the difference between similes and metaphors and that those are two types of figurative language they will be learning about.

Student Instructions

1. Think of how you could compare one of your family members to a certain animal and why. Post your comparison on the class Stormboard. (example: My sister is like a cheetah because she runs fast.)

2. Read your classmates posts and think about what each comparison is called.

2 Direct Instruction

Free, Paid

1. Teacher will pull up the Nearpod presentation. Each student must have a laptop or other device. Link: https://share.nearpod.com/vsph/ZK5NXalMyH

2. Guide students to get logged into the computers and provide them with the Nearpod code. Show them how to access the Nearpod. 

3. Go through the presentation providing extra examples as necessary. Give students time to complete the quizzes at the stopping points.

Student Instructions

1. Follow along with the Nearpod presentation on your screen.

2. Complete the quizzes and activities as they come up on your screen.

3. Ask questions if you do not feel you understand a topic.

3 Guided Instruction

1. Students will pull up the scavenger hunt on their own device (iPad, iPhone, tablet). Students can work collaboratively with a partner or team on this activity. 

2. They will follow the scavenger hunt clues to identify examples of figurative language in poems.

Link to scavenger hunt: https://actionbound.com/bound/figlang

Student Instructions

1. Follow the clues on the scavenger hunt and answer the question that goes with each poem.

4 Independent Practice

1. Instruct students to draw one picture for each type of figurative language discussed on the interactive whiteboard. They will label each picture with the type of figurative language they are portraying.

2. Instruct them to share the link to the teacher's email when they have completed their drawings. 

Note: This can be done on paper if the technology is not available or if it is too hard for students to complete the drawing on a laptop.

Student Instructions

1. Draw a picture example for each of the 5 types of figurative language discussed.

2. Label each picture with the type of figurative language it is portraying.

3. Email the link for your whiteboard to the teacher.

5 Wrap Up

Free, Free to try, Paid

1. Instruct students to write a poem using the figurative language they learned about. 

2. The number of examples and types of figurative language that should be used can be differentiated for each class or individual students. Create the guidelines for the poem based on what you want them to show.

3. This can be done as a homework assignment and their final poem will be posted on a Padlet page that is available for each student to access.

Student Instructions

1. Write a poem using the types of figurative language talked about in class.

2. Post your poem on the class Padlet. Come to school prepared to share your poem.