Lesson Plan

Exploring Ocean Animals both Land and Sea

Basic Needs and Characteristics of Animals
Stacie T.
Technology Integrator
Hanover County Public Schools
Ashland, United States
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My Grades Pre-K, K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies, Arts, World Languages, English Language Learning, Health & Wellness

The student will investigate and understand that animals, including humans, have basic needs and certain distinguishing characteristics.

Key concepts include 
a) basic needs include adequate air, food, water, shelter, and space (habitat); 
b) animals, including humans, have many different physical characteristics; and 
c) animals can be classified according to a variety of characteristics. 

English Language Arts
Grades 1 – 2
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Activity: Conversing

Generate interest and build background knowledge by telling students about a time you walked on the beach. Explain what animals you saw, things you found, what the beach and ocean looked like, the weather, the sounds you heard, smells, etc.  Ask students to share their own experiences.  

2 Direct Instruction

Explain to students that many different animals live in and around the ocean and they all have basic needs in order to live.  They also look different.  Ask students to listen and pay attention to the different animals mentioned in the story, what they look like and what they need to live.  Read aloud the interactive ebook, "Clam-I-Am!"  As you read it aloud, stop and talk about the different animals, what they look like and what they need to live.  Write the name of each animal on chart paper or on the board.

3 Guided Practice

Free, Paid

After reading the ebook, discuss how all the animals mentioned in the book can either live in the water or live on land.  Using the Padlet website, ask for volunteers to come to the computer to add examples of animals they remember from the book.  They can use the notes your made previous on the board to help with spelling. After all ideas have been added to the Padlet wall, talk about similarities and differences between the animals focusing on where they live (either land or sea).  Sort each item on the Padlet Wall. Have students decide which category each animal belongs to and then they can move them.  Next, choose one animal and discuss its body coverings, apendages, and how it moves.  Write key words on chart paper or the board as you talk about the characteristics of the animal (wings, feathers, legs, shell, walk, fly, swim, etc.)

4 Independent Practice

Have each student choose one animal.  Have them find an image on the web using the iPad. Save the image to the camera roll.  Have students use the Skitch app to edit that image to include the following information:  The name of the animal, identify its body coverings (shell, feathers, hair, scales, etc.), any appendages (tail, legs, fins, wings, arms, etc.), and how it moves.  They can use the key word list you generated to help with spelling.  Allow students to refer back to the ebook if necessary.

5 Wrap Up

Free, Paid

Upload the edited Skitch image students created to the Padlet Wall .  Allow students to present their animal and the information they learned. Depending on how much time you have, give students a chance to continue to sort the animals into different categories (animals that do/don't fly, animals with shells/no shells, etc.). Share the Padlet URL with parents. Create a QR code with the URL to display in the classroom for later access or put it in books related to the topic. 

6 Extension

In independent learning centers, have students practice their fluency by recording their own narration of the story.  Have students play back and re-record if necessary.