Lesson Plan

Exploring Habitats

Students will investigate and understand the importance of animal habitats.
Christi C.
Classroom teacher
Wise Primary School
Wise, VA
Show More
My Grades 2
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies
EdTech Mentor

Lesson Objectives:

The student will investigate and understand that living things are part of a system. 

 a) living organisms are interdependent with their living and nonliving surroundings

 b) an animal’s habitat includes adequate food, water, shelter or cover, and space

 c) habitats change over time due to many influences

Grades 2
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 The Hook



Materials needed:  paper, pencil, internet access, sign-up for a free educator's account in CK-12

  1.  Begin the lesson by providing students with a piece of paper, and ask them to draw a picture showing what their homes provide to meet their needs.
  2. Then discuss how habitats are similar in providing animals and other living things with the same basic needs to survive.   Explain that a habitat is an organisms home that provides food, shelter, water and space.  Before proceeding to step 3, sign-up for a free educator's account in CK-12.
  3. Conclude this activity by going to the CK-12 website by clicking here to orally read and discuss the section titled, Habitat and Niche.  Discuss the terms:  niche and habitat.  Conclude the opening activity by using the prompts in the summary section of this activity as your guide.

2 Direct Instruction


Materials needed:  Sign-up for a free Educator account in PBS Kids Plum Landing

  1. After completing the opening activity regarding habitats, Go to the PBS Kids Plum Landing website by clicking here.  To provide students with a better understanding about the different types of habitats, choose and explore one video from each of the following categories:  Desert, Mangrove, Jungle and Mountains.
  2.  After exploring one video from each category, discuss how all living things are dependant upon their environment for survival.   Explain how animals are best suited for particular environments depending on factors such as:  temperature, needs, food sources and their ability to coexist with other species.  Before providing students with opportunities to participate in the Independent practice activities, create a free educator's accoung in PBS Kids Plum Learning.  Then create student accounts, to track missions and lessons that are completed.


3 Independent Practice


Materials needed:  internet access, create free student accounts in PBS Kids Plum Landing  prior to activity, laptops, tablets or desktop computer.

  1.  To extend learning further, provide students with an opportunity to explore animals and their habitats by providing them with game-based learning opportunities on PBS Kids Plum Landing.  
  2. Arrange for students to have access to a computer or tablet prior to this activity.  If this is not an option, provide students with opportunities to access the computer as available.
  3. Once students are provided with internet access, go to PBS Kids Plum Landing games by clicking here.   Provide students with an index card containing their username and password that you created prior to this activity. This will provide students with opportunities to earn badges and awards as activities are completed.  This will also allow you to track their progress.  
  4. After students have entered their login information, choose games from the categories at the top of the page.  Each game will provide learning opportunities to explore specific habitats further.  Ask students to choose one of the games to learn more about habitats.
  5. Continue this activity until each student has had the opportunity to play one of the habitat games.


4 Wrap-up

Activity: Assessing


Materials needed:  paper, pencil

1.  Follow-up the lesson by asking students to provide a summary on habitats by writing and responding to each of the prompts in their science journals or on a piece of paper:

  • Write three interesting facts that you learned about habitats.
  • Which habitat game did you choose to play and what did you learn?
  • What do living things need in order to survive in their own habitats?

Use the habitat summary to assess student learning and understanding of the lesson.