Lesson Plan

Electrical Circuits

This lesson will help the students understand what a basic simple circuit is and how one is created.
Rich S.
Technology coordinator
Mylan Park Elementary School
Morgantown, United States
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Students will be able to...

1. Understand how a simple circuit works.

Know the difference between an open and closed circuit. 

2. Know the main parts of an electrical current

3. Understand the terms

  • volt
  • current
  • resistor
  • conductor
  • insulator
Grades 3 – 5
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook

Activity: Presenting

1. The teacher will have an object and battery holder prior to class. ( I used an old computer fan from a recycled desktop and 4 AA batteries)

2. The teacher will ask the students what they think a circuit means.

3. The teacher will explain that a simple circuit is an object connected to a power source using a conductor. (This is when I hold up the batteries and fan and connect them to show the students that the fan will move).


Student Instructions

2. The students will reesond to the question about what they think a circuit is. 

2 Direct Instruction

1. The teacher will project the source above on an interactive white board in the front of the room.

2. The teacher will use the source to discuss voltage and how that plays a part in a circuit. Whether there be too much or not enough. ( We also get in a mini math lesson as well).

3.The teacher will also use the source to show and describe the difference between an open and closed circuit.

4. 3. The teacher will describe which objects and materials make the best conductors and which ones are insulators. 

Student Instructions

1. The students will take turns adding and manipulating the objects involved in creating a simple circuit. 

3 Independant Practice

1. I linked this source directly to our website so that the students could quickly access it. 

2. This will give the students an opportunity to explore and ask questions if they get stuck on how things work and what doesn't work. 

3. The teacher will walk around and answer questions from the students and talk about how resistors work in a circuit. 

Student Instructions

1. The students will independently explore each website and practice creating and designing their own circuits. 


4 Wrap up

Activity: Creating

1. With the assistance of the Engineering department at the local University, I acquired some circuit scribe kits. The students will be able to use the metallic ink in the pens as conductors to draw between a power source and an object. 

This is a fun way for the students to show what they have learned and express creativity at the same time. 

Student Instructions

1. Students will use the circuit scribe kits to create a variety of simple circuits.