Create an Alternate Resolution: Short Story Lesson
1 Hook: " Five Things"
Use the video "Flocabulary : Five Things (Elements of a Short Story) to review the elements of fiction and gain student interest. Flocabulary provides student handouts that can be used interactively with the video. Using the review questions at the end of the video is also helpful.
2 Direct Instruction
Using this mini-lesson provided by the ReadWriteThink to review each element of plot. The teacher should use a story that the entire class has read to illustrate where each story part fits into the plot model. The teacher should provide direct instruction on each part of plot and help students determine these parts by analyzing the short story they are familiar with.
3 Guided Practice: Interative Plot Diagram
For this part of the lesson, the teacher can either use a short story that the class is familiar with or assign another short story for reading. For the guided practice, students will work in pairs to create an interactive plot diagram from this story. Working together, students will determine the elements of plot and place them on the plot diagram appropriately. The teacher can review each diagram with the student pairs to assess student comprehension.
4 Independent Practice: Create and Alternate Ending
After students have correctly identified the elements of plot from the short story, the teacher will ask them to write an alternate resolution for the story. Students can start at any part of the plot; however, they must recreate any part of the story they removing. Students should be given time to brainstorm a new resolution to the story. When students are ready to begin writing, they should use OneDrive or another similar app that gives them the ability to share their work with their teacher. After the draft is complete. the teacher should participate in the editing and revising process. Students can also share their work with their peers with OneDrive for peer editing.
5 Wrap Up: Publishing the New Resolution
Now that students are ready to share their awesome new endings, the teacher should set up a blog on a site such as Kidblog. I usually create a posting for each class period and ask the students to post their new resolutions as comments on the post. I ask other students to provide positive comments on their peers' writing by also commenting on the new endings. This can be completed in class or as a homework assignment.
Key Standards Supported
Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.
Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning.
Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.
Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film).
(Not applicable to literature)
Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history.
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.