Lesson Plan

Colonists Choose Sides

Growing tensions over political power and economic issues sparked a movement for independence from Great Britain. Students will be using the technology apps Google Classroom, Nearpod and Mentimeter/Menti.
Thomas S.
Classroom teacher
I.S. 75 Frank D Paulo
Staten Island, NY
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My Grades 7, 8
My Subjects Social Studies
Objectives

Teaching Point: Good historians analyze multiple perspectives to determine why some colonists supported the English King while others favored rebellion through technology.

Success Criteria:

  • I can read and comprehend informational texts.
  • I can evaluate a colonist’s perspective to determine if they would have been a Patriot or a Loyalist.
Subjects
Social Studies
Grades 7
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Warm Up: Highlight quotes from the text that explain colonists’ reasons for either supporting or opposing British authority.

Have students go to their Google Classroom class page and click on the Nearpod link.

Students will log-in to the Nearpod lesson using the unique lesson code.

Have students read the excerpt from My Brother Sam is Dead.

Student Instructions

Highlight quotes from the text that explain colonists’ reasons for either supporting or opposing British authority.

2 Hook: Which side do you agree with the most?

Activity: Debating

Have students decide which opinion from the reading they agree with through a multiple choice question.

Student Instructions

Based on the Warm Up, which side do you agree with most?

A) Patriot; we are free to govern ourselves and should drive out the British because they don't listen to us.

B) Loyalist; as British colonists, we must follow and support the King and follow the law.

C) Neutral; should be a part of Great Britain, but must decide a government for ourselves. 

3 Direct Instruction: Patriots vs. Loyalists

Activity: Investigating

Loyalists, also known as Tories, Royalists, or King’s Men, were American colonists who remained loyal to the British monarchy during the American Revolutionary War.

Patriots, also known as Rebels, Revolutionaries, Continentals, or American Whigs, were those American colonists who rebelled against British control during the American Revolution.

Student Instructions

Although there were many that did not openly state which side they supported, know that there were two main opposing sides.

4 Determining Why Colonists Chose Sides

Have students highlight 1 important reason from each section in order to enable students to differentiate and determine the strongest reason (in their opinion) for each side.

Student Instructions

Highlight 1 important reason from each section.

 

After you are done, take 30 seconds to turn and talk to your neighbor about what you chose for each section and why.

5 Activity - Mentimeter - Colonists' Perspectives

Have students log in to Mentimeter.com, using the unique class code provided. Have students determine whether you believe each of the 8 colonists would be a Loyalist, a Patriot, or remain neutral. Students will use a scales feature to determine where the colonists fits on a spectrum (left: Loyalist; middle: Neutral; right: Patriot). Students will also work in small groups to discuss and justify their responses. However, they must vote in a majority. Students will be able to see overall class averages of each colonists after the activity has ended.

Student Instructions

Log in to Menti.com. Use the class code provided for you.

Determine whether you believe each of the 8 colonists would be a Loyalist, a Patriot, or remain neutral. Use the scale to make that decision. Before you do so, discuss why they would be a member of a side with your classmates.

Hint: Use prior knowledge (ex. If they worked by the harbor, they would not approve of Britain because the Coercive Acts shut down the Boston Harbor).

6 Exit Slip

Have students go back to the former tab with Google Classroom. Have students complete the Exit Slip assessment.

Student Instructions

Exit Slip: Why did some colonists decide to remain loyal to England while others began to oppose England's rule?