See free resources for parents and educators to teach kids about social justice and racial equality.
Big Idea: Obstacles
2 Direct Instruction
Introduce: Enduring Understanding: Readers understand that the theme of a text can be determined by analyzing the author's use of details/description, point of view, voice, imagery, and mood/tone.
Heart and Soul by Kadir Nelson
Preview the Prologue and Chapter 1 with students. Note text features, visual images, section breaks. You can also go to NPR to listen podcast of Kadir Nelson talk about the book and reading the prologue.
Read Aloud the Prologue and Chapter 1. Then discuss the following questions:
In the Revolutionary War, why did so many enslaved people fight the British?
Which enslaved people were freed after the Revolutionary War? Why?
What questions do you have?
3 Guided Practice
Using information in the Prologue, what inferences can you make about the narrator?
According to the narrator, what is wrong with the pictures at the U.S. Capitol?
On pages 9 and 10, the narrator uses the dialect words ain't and chile. What does this tell you about the narrator?
4 Independent Practice
Reading Analysis: Explain that a story's point of view depends on the narrator. When the narrator is not a character in the story, the story is told from a third-person point of view. When the narrator is a character, the point of view is first person. The first-person narrator uses pronouns such as I and me. A first-person narrator usually experiences events directly.
Students reread Chapter 1 and fill in a Web B graphic organizer. Students place the narrator's point of view in the center and in the outer ovals they write words and phrases that describe how the narrator's point of view affects how events are described.
Technology: Use a google document to create the Web or Padlock.
The narrator says that there were many slaves that fought in the Revolutionary War, but many of them "chose the wrong side". Do you agree or disagree? State your opinion and support it with details from the text. Write your response on a seperate sheet of paper.
Share with class, class discussion.