Lesson Plan

Being a Cell Tourist

Summarize the structures and functions of organelles found in a eukaryotic cell (including the nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplasts, lysosomes, vacuoles, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum [ER], Golgi apparatus, cilia, flagella, cell membrane, nuclear membra
Allen K.
Classroom teacher
Boiling Springs High School
Boiling Springs, United States
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My Grades 10, 11, 12
My Subjects Science

Students will be able to understand that an organelle is a cell structure that performs a specialized function within a eukaryotic cell.  

Organelles found in a eukaryotic cell include:

Nucleus contains the chromosomes which are composed of DNA (a chemical compound called deoxyribonucleic acid); functions in the genetic control of the cell.

Mitochondria are the sites of cellular respiration, a process which supplies the cell with energy.

Chloroplasts are found only in plant cells, contain the green pigment, chlorophyll, which absorbs energy from the Sun to convert carbon dioxide and water into sugar through the process of photosynthesis.

Lysosomes contain chemicals called enzymes necessary for digesting certain materials in the cell. 

Vacuoles store materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates; vacuoles in animal cells (if they are present) are much smaller than those in plant cells.

Ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis; some are located on the ER, others are found in the cytoplasm.

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a complex, extensive network that transports materials throughout the inside of a cell.

Rough ER has ribosomes attached to the surface is ribosome-studded.

Smooth ER has no attached ribosomes.

Golgi apparatus modifies, collects, packages, and distributes molecules within the cell or outside the cell.

Cilia are short hair-like projections responsible for the movement of animal cells or protists

Flagella are long whip-like projections responsible for the movement of some animal cells, bacteria, or protists.

Cell membrane (sometimes called the plasma membrane) is the cell structure that encloses the cell and regulates the passage of materials between the cell and its environment; the cell membrane also aids in protection and support of the cell.

Nuclear membrane (sometimes called nuclear envelope) is the membrane that surrounds the nucleus of the cell and regulates the passage of materials between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. 

Cell wall is the cell structure that surrounds the cell membrane for protection and support in plant cells, bacteria, fungi, and some protists, and allows for specific substances to pass in and out of the cell. 

Cytoplasm is the semi-fluid material inside the cell containing molecules and the organelles, exclusive of the nucleus; is bound by the cell membrane.

 ISTE Standard: Teacher will use their knowledge of subject matter, teaching and learning, and technology to facilitate experiences that advance student learning, creativity, and innovation in both face to face and virtural environments. 






Grades 10 – 12
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Captain of your own cell ship

Cell Command
$9.99, $89.70/classroom

In Cell Command, students become captain of a "cell ship" pioneering throughout the body and completing missions with their microscopic crew. From the Golgi Complex to DNA replication, students learn to manage various stations involved in critical cellular functions. 

Teacher will set up a classroom visit for this site.

Student Instructions

Students will use the information provided by the teacher to access the website to take command their own "cell ship" to understand the functions of the cell locations.

2 Tell About Your Trip Through Trading Cards

Activity: Creating

Students should develop at least 5 trading cards based on the major organelles found in an eukaryotic cell.

Student Instructions

The Trading Cards 

Using the information gathered from your trip around the cell, now share your experience by developing trading cards.Each trading card should include the following information:

a. The name and picture of organelle visited.
b. Where it is found.
c. What it does.
d. Something that performs the same function.