Lesson Plan

Be a Good Citizen

Make the right decision for the sake of yourself and your classmates
Steve B.
Classroom teacher
Henry Highland Garnet/PS 175M
Manhattan, NY
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My Grades K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
My Subjects Math, Science

Students will effectively use conflict resolution strategies to reach peaceable solutions in a crisis.

Students will identify the difference between appropriate and dangerous resolutions to commonly recurring conflicts in a classroom setting.

English Language Arts
using supporting evidence
Social Studies
civic engagement
Grades K - 2
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 HOOK: We Have a Problem!

Activity: Reading

The teacher provides two students with a scenario they will perform. The teacher informs both students, as well as the remainder of the class, that the scenario currently does not have a resolution, and together, they will think of ways students can peaceably resolve the conflict. 

After the students complete the performance, ask the class to answer the following questions:

  • What is the problem?
  • How do both children feel in this scenario? 
  • What could go wrong?

After students answer the questions, explain how you will help equip students with peaceable resolutions.

Student Instructions

The class sits, with an optional notebook in hand to record what they observe, and listens to two students perform the following dialogue:

Audio Recorder Fight Role Play


Student 1: Wants to use the audio recorder 
Student 2: Is using the audio recorder

Scene: A classroom

Student 1: Quick! I've got to use the audio recorder!

Student 2: But I'm using it now. I'm listening to this story.

Student 1: That's not important. We need it for this play we're doing.

Student 2: Can I be in the play?

Student 1: No way. We already have enough people. There's no room for you.

Student 2: (pauses) I'm using the audio recorder.

Student 1: Don't be a jerk! You can listen to that story anytime. We really need it now!

Student 2: So do I.

Student 1: No, you don't. See if I do anything for you ever again. You slob! You pig! You jerk!

Student 2: Oh! I'm telling on you!

Student 1: I'm telling on you, too, you creep!

2 DIRECT INSTRUCTION: You Have the Power

The teacher will display the steps for peaceably resolving a conflict, using the stop sign as a visual anchor for students to use. Use the following prompts to guide students' understanding of the sequence of events following a conflict:

  1. Approach the child calmly, take deep breaths, and acknowledge feelings. Ask what happened; hear from both sides. Listen to all parties involved.
  2. See if the children have ideas about solutions that will benefit everyone involved.
  3. Children can use signal agreements to decide if certain solutions are good or bad depending on how they benefit everyone involved. Make sure everyone leaves the situation pleased with the results.
Student Instructions

Students will repeat the major headings of each stage of conflict resolution, asking themselves the overarching questions relative to the provided scenario:

  1. What happened? How do you/ would you feel?
  2. What can we do? Think of solutions!
  3. Give it a try!

Tell students that during step 2, they will think of a solution that benefits everybody affected by the conflict.

3 GUIDED PRACTICE: Let's Practice

Prepare a Kahoot that includes several brief scenarios for students to consider. Generate four responses for each question, only one of which proves most beneficial for all parties involved.

Student Instructions

Have students participate in the Kahoot quiz, and display results on an available shared surface. Provide the winner of the quiz with a badge for being the most prepared to resolve conflicts.

4 INDEPENDENT PRACTICE: Explore Conflicts Online

Prepare each available computer with the Cool School game, starting them at the prompt that asks for their name.

Student Instructions

Instruct students to type their name or have another student assist them to type their name if they experience difficulty. Have students explore the different scenarios to create a peaceful school. Allow students approximately 20 minutes to explore the Cool School they occupy.

5 WRAP-UP: Let's Return to the Beginning

Activity: Assessing

Revisit the initial problem.

Prepare exit cards for students to demonstrate their understanding of conflict resolution.

Student Instructions

Have students think of peaceable solutions to the Audio Recorder Conflict. Have them think of ways all parties in the conflict can benefit.

Have students think of specific events they experienced that involved a conflict with another student. Have students draw or write about peaceable ways they could solve the problem and keep everybody happy.