Lesson Plan

Analyzing Literature- A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

Students will analyze the plot of the 19th century Novel and construct a written analysis in the form of a persuasive essay.
Allison H.
Classroom teacher
Mount Pleasant Area School District
Mount Pleasant, United States
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My Grades 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
My Subjects English Language Arts, Social Studies

Students will be able to...

1. Identify relationships between characters, describe details of the plot, and explain and evaluate Scrooge’s emotions and reactions during the visit each spirit. 

2. Identify the conflicts in the novel and the resolutions for each.

3. Students will be able to identify what actions Scrooge takes to change his fate, and evaluate what type of person the character, Scrooge, has become.

4. Students will be able to construct a text-dependent persuasive essay by creating a thesis and using evidence from the novel to support the theisis.

English Language Arts
Grades 7 – 8
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook-Novel Trailer on schooltube

Once the teacher introduces the title of the novel and author, engage students by playing the novel trailer for students found on schooltube.

The teacher will provide  guided background notes and instruct students to use their textbooks to complete. 

Student Instructions

Students will watch the novel trailer, and students will use their textbook to compete background notes on the novel. 

2 Direct Instruction

Free, Paid

Review each stave with students as they read the novel independently.  Be sure to analyze  the plot, conflict, characters, and settings.  As you read each Stave and finish discussing allow students to play Kahoot! as a class.  This serves as a fun game as well as a formative assessment. It helps students to recall which events occurred in each Stave and the character's roles in the plot and conflicts.

When finished reading and discussing the novel as a class play a cumulative Kahoot! on A Christmas Carol using those available on Kahoot or create your own.  

Student Instructions

Students will read the novel A Christmas Carol as directed in class.  The majority of class time will be spent on  analysis. Students are welcome to BYOD when playing Kahoot! or they may use a netbook available in the classroom. 

3 Guided Practice

Now that students have read and analyzed the novel as a class they have the necessary foundation to create a more in depth analysis using textual evidence . 

The students must use one of the following prompts:

1. Dickens believed that social reform began with moral transformation (change) in the individual.  How does Scrooge exemplify this.  Compare and contrast the character as described in Stave One to the character portrayed in Stave 5. 

2. Scrooge clashes with other characters, and he struggles with his own thoughts and feelings. Identify two of Scrooge's external conflicts or two of Scrooge's internal conflict and compare and contrast the two. Which do you believe was more prominent?

Assist students with their Venn Diagrams as needed.  Be sure they are including relevant textual evidence which will support their thesis. 

Student Instructions

Students first need to chose a prompt and construct a thesis which fulfills the requirements of the prompt. 

Students will use the Venn Diagram app to create a pre-write for their thesis on the provided prompts.

If choosing prompt #1 students should create a Venn Diagram which reflects differences and similarities to the character, Scrooge, from the beginning of the novel to the end. Differences should be more significant.  Students should include textual evidence (a direct quote)  for each point added to the Venn Diagram .​

If choosing prompt #2 students should create a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast either Scrooge's internal conflicts, or Scrooge's external conflict. Students should include textual evidence (a direct quote)  for each point added to the Venn Diagram .​

4 Independent Practice

Google Drive
Free, Paid

Now that students have created a Venn Diagram they can begin to construct their essay by using on their school google drives.  They will be provided with enough class time to do so . 

Student Instructions

Students will use their Venn Diagrams as a pre-write and construct an essay which answers one of the two prompts provided. 

5 Wrap-Up

We will use turnitin.com to submit the final draft of the papers. Use peer review . Provide students with a rubric to evaluate their peer's essays as well as support questions. 

Student Instructions

Students are typically required to create a turnitin.com account when they enter 7th grade in our district so my students already had an account. Students who do not must first create a turnitin.com account. 

Students construct an essay and submit the final draft to turnitin.com. Using a rubric students will evaluate one of their peer's essays. 

They should also answer the following questions after reviewing: 

1. What did you like best about the paper?

2. What questions do you have about the paper?

3. Were the reasons supported with enough evidence fromt he text?

4. What suggestions do you have to help your peer improve his or her paper?

Responses should be provided to their peers.