Lesson Plan

Action Verbs!

This lesson is designed to help students better use their vocabulary by teaching (or reviewing) what verbs are and to then help them access verbs they already know and use them in sentences.
Jamie S.
Instructional coach
Duquesne Elementary School
Duquesne, PA
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My Grades K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
My Subjects English Language Arts, Math
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Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

 Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. 

Students use a variety of technological and information resources (e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video) to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge. 

Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.

 Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information).


English Language Arts
Grades 1
All Notes
Teacher Notes
Student Notes

1 Hook/ Direct Instruction

Teacher will begin lesson by playing a short video from Brain Pop Jr. on verbs. After video, the teacher will begin the lesson. 

Tell students they are going to play a game where they will act out words you say. Some words you might use include:







Encourage students to further the game by contributing words of their own.

2. Tell students that the words that they just acted out are called verbs. Ask them if they know what a verb is, working toward the following definition: A part of speech that usually describes an action.

3. Explain that they will be creating an Action Alphabet book. Each page of the book or books will contain a letter of the alphabet, a verb that starts with that letter, and a sentence using that verb. Let the students know that they will be learning some new vocabulary words that will assist them when they read and write.



Student Instructions

Students can use the Dictionary.com app to search for verbs. 

2 Guided Practice

Free, Paid

Ask students to brainstorm verbs for the different letters of the alphabet. Write the words on the board next to the corresponding letters. As it becomes obvious that some letters have few or no verbs next to them, explain that some letters (like x, k, and z) have a smaller number of verbs beginning with them.

5. Ask students if they have any questions about the assignment. When they are ready, have them get into their groups and give each group a copy of the Alphabet Brainstorming Worksheet. If you are using dictionaries  review how to use them, noting in particular where it indicates each entry's part of speech.

6. Students should spend about 20 minutes creating a list of verbs for each letter of the alphabet (you may want to assign certain letters to each group to make sure all of the letters are covered). While students are working, circulate among groups answering questions and providing support as needed.

7. At the end of the small-group work, bring the class back together into a large group and add the words they came up with to the list on the board. If possible, leave the list of verbs on the board; if not, copy them onto chart paper.

3 Independant Practice

Review the list of verbs from Session 1. Possible questions and prompts for discussion include:

What was one of the verbs we acted out?

Name a verb that you found that begins with the letter...

What is one new verb that you learned?

What is another verb for...(e.g., run, tired)?

What verb do you like?

Which verb could be used to tell something that a (e.g., lion, baby) does?

2. Tell students that they will begin working on creating the pages for the Action Alphabet book.

3. Select a verb and write it on the board next to the letter it begins with. Demonstrate to the students how they will be writing a sentence using a verb. For example: R, Run, The boy can run very fast. Tell them that they will be doing the same thing to create the pages for the Action Alphabet book. Repeat this procedure for another letter, but have the students offer their input. Let students know that they will be drawing illustrations, so it is important to think about how they will illustrate what they write.

Students will use the Show Me App to record each verb as a separate page/lesson. 

4. Distribute the verb lists. Students should write sentences for each of the verbs they have been assigned. If students are creating entire books independently, this may take several sessions. Work with the students to review, edit, and revise their sentences as needed.

As they finish their sentences, have students begin using the Alphabet Organizer to create their book pages as follows:
a) Students will be prompted to enter their name and a title. You can have them enter Action ABC's orAction Alphabet as the title.

b) On the next screen, they should select the second option for one word per letter.

c) They should then click on the letter that their word begins with.

d) Next, they will type in the word and then their sentence in the Description area beneath it.

e) If they have another word to enter, then they will click on the next letter and continue until all their words are entered.

f) When they have eantered all their words, they will click on Finish. (If students do not complete their work in the allotted time, they can save their draft and complete it later.)

g) The next screen will ask how they would like to print their organizer. They should choose Word Pages.

6. Assist students as needed to finish their pages using the Alphabet Organizer. This may also take several sessions. Collect and save the printed pages.

4 Wrap Up

Once students have completed and printed off their pages for the alphabet book or books, they should illustrate them. Demonstrate how to do this by writing a verb and a sentence that uses that verb on the board. Then draw an illustration of the sentence for the students to see.

.Students should illustrate their pages. Depending on how many they have to do, this may take more than one session.

When all the pages are completed, assemble them into a class book. You can use the Action ABC's: Book Coveror have students create their own covers. Have students or groups of students work to bind their individual books.