Minecraft or MinecraftEdu at School? Pros, Cons, and What it's Great For

Check out the benefits of using Minecraft in the classroom.

September 24, 2013
Chad Sansing
Classroom teacher
Shelburne Middle School
Staunton, VA
CATEGORIES In the Classroom, Technology Integration, Tools

Editor's Note: MinecraftEdu is no longer available. However, Microsoft has released Minecraft: Education Edition.

One of the great things about Minecraft is that there's not just one version. It exists as a stand-alone game, but creative players also create modifications, or "mods," that add all sorts of upgrades, features, and options for every taste. One of the most popular mods for classrooms is MinecraftEdu.

Since it's targeted at classrooms, teachers may be tempted to ignore Minecraft and head straight for MinecraftEdu -- but not so fast!

Both Minecraft and MinecraftEdu can serve as great learning tools. So which version is right for you and your classroom? Consult this list of pros, cons, and suggestions to make your decision.

Photo by Jason Graham



  • Preserves a sense of open-ended play and exploration.
  • Teachers and students play as peers.
  • Feels less like school and more like play.
  • Student-directed.
  • Gameplay possibilities grow directly with players' abilities.
  • Kids can easily open games for multi-player group work over local area networks.
  • Open to any available mod, character skin, or texture pack.
  • Opens the door to programming.


  • Each installation can be different depending on how players modify it, so not every game will work with others.
  • Students will likely be doing vastly different things with the game depending on what they've learned to do with it and to it.
  • Students are largely responsible for guarding the safety of their worlds and determining who can and can't play with them or see and assess their work.

Great for:

  • Students who already have Minecraft accounts.
  • Individual and small group projects.
  • Clubs
  • Self-starting and goal-driven students



  • Excellent tutorial for first time players.
  • Classroom management tools make wrangling students and setting up lessons much easier.
  • Assignments (and entire maps) can be easily created, assigned, and monitored.
  • MinecraftEdu purchase bundles classroom licenses and mods making it an all-in-one purchase, and allowing student and teacher work to be archived and preserved.
  • All players in a MinecraftEdu game play the same version of the game with the same mods, reducing compatibility issues in multiplayer games.


  • Heavily teacher controlled world means some sense of wonder and exploration are lost.
  • Some mods can't be used by students, closing off some creative possibilities and valuable skills gains.
  • Students, especially those familiar with the game, may feel a bit handcuffed.

Great for:

  • Delivering specific pieces of learning content.
  • Whole-class lessons and projects.
  • Students without existing access to Minecraft.
  • Teachers, schools, and divisions looking to dip a toe into participatory or game-based learning.

Most importantly, you can't go wrong with either version; Minecraft -- no matter the flavor -- is an investment in the best kind of edtech -- the kind that gets kids making and creating meaning. Do you use Minecraft or MinecraftEdu with your students? Which would you recommend, and why?

See what other teachers are saying about Minecraft:

richard, Minecraft Review Educator photokrissy, minecraft review educator photoheddi, minecraft review educator photo  

Be the first educator to write a Field note about MinecraftEdu.

New to Minecraft? Here are the basics:

Minecraft is a sandbox game that rewards players for collecting and combining resources into new, useful items that enrich gameplay and help further exploration and creativity. Although it has an “End” zone for players who want to fight the game’s boss (a dragon), Minecraft has no plot -- the story is up to the player to define. Depending on what the player chooses to build, they’ll task themselves with collecting specific resources necessary to craft items that can help them build cooler and/or more useful things, or explore. Each completed project leads to a new one, sending the player deeper into the world. 

Minecraft can be played in one of two modes: Creative Mode and Survival Mode. Creative Mode removes the need to collect resources as well removes monsters, as well as health and hunger meters, allowing players to build easily and in peace. Minecraft is available on several platforms as well. 

You can buy Minecraft for PC/Mac. Minecraft: Pocket Edition is available for iOS and Android, and Minecraft: Xbox 360 Edition is available on the XBLA MarketplaceMinecraftEdu is a collaboration between a group of educators and the game developer and enables teacherse to purchase copies of the game at a reduced cost.



Matt Coia

Another thing to think about when comparing Minecraft to MinecraftEDU is that with regular Minecraft, users need to authenticate their accounts with external servers.  Many school system networks do not allow this as part of their security protocols.  MinecraftEDU eliminates the need for this by having the option of keeping everything internal to the school network.

Jim Pike
Classroom teacher

This was a fantastic article, I have been teaching with Minecraft for 2 years now and this year I opted not to go with edu because they ran 1.7.10 and my online server runs at 1.8.8. I use a lot of gaming in flipped classroom situations and its worked out fine. I do miss the controls of EDU and was wondering can my students still sign in onto my online server at home with EDU?

Jody Nova
Principal/head of school
GamED Academy

This is a great article. From my experience in working with public schools, I have found that many schools need to outsource their Minecraft programs to achieve true success and create adequate levels of excitement in the students.  We tried to work with MinecraftEDU early on, but found their product was too limiting for a truly exciting Minecraft experience.  With that being said, I hope that every school in the world will consider trying to set up a MinecraftEDU program or bring in a vendor like to create custom curriculum for their school. Enthusiasm needs to be reclaimed in education and Minecraft meets this goal!